J L Stafinsky

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1. Serotonin (5-HT) and selective 5-HT receptor agonists were administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats, and the antinociceptive efficacy of these agents was assessed on the tail-flick and hot plate tests. 2. The 5-HT receptor agonists examined in this study included the 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-2-aminotetralin (8-OH-DPAT), the 5-HT1B agonist(More)
The antinociceptive properties of intrathecally (i.t.) administered [D-Ala2, N-methyl-Phe4, Gly5-ol]enkephalin (DAMPGO) and [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE), selective opioid agonists for mu (mu) and delta (delta) sites, respectively, were compared in rats. DAMPGO and DPDPE elevated tail-flick latency (TFL) in a dose-dependent manner, and the spinal(More)
This study was designed to determine if morphine administered intrathecally (IT) interacts with serotonergic or noradrenergic nerve terminals in the spinal cord to produce analgesia on the spinally mediated tail-flick test. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted with IT catheters. One week later, animals were spinally pretreated with receptor antagonists(More)
beta-Endorphin administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats produced a dose-dependent elevation in tail-flick latency. Naltrexone administered i.t. as a pretreatment reversed the spinal antinociceptive action of beta-endorphin, suggesting that the opioid interacts directly with spinal opiate receptors. Spinal administration of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor(More)
1. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted with intrathecal (i.t.) and intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) catheters. Fentanyl was injected either i.t. or i.c.v., and the antinociceptive efficacy of fentanyl was evaluated using the tail-flick analgesiometric assay. 2. Fentanyl dose-dependently elevated tail-flick latency (TFL) following i.c.v. or i.t.(More)
Initial experiments were conducted to determine whether or not the aging process alters the ability of young, mature, or aged male Fischer 344 rats (5- to 6-, 15- to 16-, and 25- to 26-months-old, respectively) to respond to thermal nociceptive stimuli. Using the tail-flick analgesiometric assay, 25- to 26-month-old rats responded significantly faster to(More)
In rats, restraint exposure potentiates the magnitude and duration of analgesia following both the peripheral and intracerebroventricular administration of several opioid agonists as compared to non-stressed controls. It has been suggested that the site of action whereby restraint leads to potentiated opioid analgesia is located supraspinally. However, the(More)
The antinociceptive effects of MDMA and morphine were examined in rats using the tail-flick and hot-plate analgesiometric tests. MDMA, in the dose range of 1.5-6.0 mg/kg IP, produced a dose-dependent elevation in hot-plate latency, but did not elevate tail-flick latency. In contrast, morphine (2-8 mg/kg, IP) produced analgesia on both the tail-flick and(More)
These studies were designed to investigate how the aging process alters the spinal antinociceptive efficacy of mu (mu), delta (delta) and epsilon (epsilon) opioid receptor agonists administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats. Various doses of the mu agonist DAGO, the delta agonist DPDPE or the putative epsilon beta-endorphin were injected i.t. in young(More)
The effects of s.c. doses of naloxone, methysergide and phentolamine on ketamine-induced spinal analgesia were assessed to determine the involvement of opiate, serotonergic and noradrenergic components mediating ketamine's antinociceptive action. Ketamine administered intrathecally (i.t.) produced a significant elevation in tail-flick latency in rats. The(More)