J. L. Ruiz

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We performed experiments in cats with a spinal cord penetrating hemisection at T13-L1 level, with and without tamoxifen treatment. The results showed that the numbers of the ipsilateral and contralateral ventral horn neurons were reduced to less than half in the nontreated animals compared with the treated ones. Also, axons myelin sheet was preserved to(More)
Colonic bacteria have been implicated in the development of colon cancer. We have previously demonstrated that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), the receptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is over-expressed in humans with colitis-associated cancer. Genetic epidemiologic data support a role for TLR4 in sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) as well, with(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which signals through the adapter molecules myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and toll/interleukin 1 receptor domain-containing adapter inducing IFN-β (TRIF), is required for protection against Gram-negative bacteria. TRIF is known to be important in TLR3-mediated antiviral signaling, but the role of TRIF signaling(More)
Sampling techniques are combined during bronchoscopy to increase the diagnostic yield for endobronchial malignant tumours. Bronchial biopsy provides the definitive histological diagnosis in most cases, but accompanying cytological procedures such as washing, brushing, needle aspiration or imprint cytology can increase diagnostic yield. In this prospective(More)
The maximum static inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP, respectively) were measured in 15 normal male subjects (average age, 27.14 years) in standing and sitting position. The MIP was determined at RV and FRC and MEP was determined at TLC and FRC. No significant differences were found for these parameters between the two postures. Our study(More)
Gastrointestinal mucosa reserves abundant Th17 cells where host response to commensal bacteria maintains Th17-cell generation. Although functional heterogeneity and dynamic plasticity of Th17 cells appear to be involved in chronic inflammatory disorders, how their plasticity is regulated in intestinal mucosa is unknown. Here we show that innate TRIF(More)
Recognition of Gram-negative bacteria by toll-like receptor (TLR)4 induces MyD88 and TRIF mediated responses. We have shown that TRIF-dependent responses play an important role in intestinal defense against Gram-negative enteropathogens. In the current study, we examined underlying mechanisms of how systemic TRIF activation enhances intestinal immune(More)
Contralateral injection has been described as a useful tool in the treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) to evaluate the distal segments of the occluded artery [1, 2]. This case shows that contralateral injections are feasible through just one puncture using a 6 Fr sheath, a long guidewire of 0.014 " and a 5 Fr diagnosis catheter in parallel. We(More)
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