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We have demonstrated that, in addition to their contractile function, human airway smooth-muscle cells (HASMC) are able to express and to secrete chemokines of the monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)/ eotaxin subfamily. This group of chemokines is believed to play a fundamental role in the development of allergic airway diseases such as asthma. The(More)
We have investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the desensitization of histamine H1-receptors and in the expression of the histamine H1-receptor gene in airway smooth muscle. Prolonged 4beta-phorbol 12,13 dibutyrate (PDBu) pretreatment (4 h, 100 nM-1 microM) of bovine trachealis caused a concentration-dependent loss of contraction in response to(More)
Inhaled 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) causes bronchoconstriction in asthmatics, and 5-HT plasma levels are elevated in asthma. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) of human airways, in vitro, evokes cholinergic contraction mediated by the release of acetylcholine (Ach) from postganglionic cholinergic nerves. The present study investigates whether selective 5-HT(More)
We have investigated the effect of IL-1beta on histamine H(1)-receptor (H(1)R)-mediated inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMC) and on histamine-induced contraction of human bronchial rings. Stimulation of HASMC for 24 h with IL-1beta resulted in significant loss of histamine-induced IP formation, which was(More)
We have investigated the effect of IL-1 b on histamine H 1 -receptor (H 1 R)-mediated inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMC) and on histamine-induced contraction of human bronchial rings. Stimulation of HASMC for 24 h with IL-1 b resulted in significant loss of histamine-induced IP formation, which was associated(More)
The effect of hyperoxia on gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT), an important enzyme for the uptake of precursor molecules for intracellular synthesis of glutathione (GSH), has not been established. Our aim was to investigate the effects of prolonged subtoxic levels of hyperoxia on gamma-GT activity and GSH levels in lung tissue, epithelial lining fluid(More)
Electrical field stimulation of guinea pig tracheal strips and human bronchial rings, in vitro, evokes a cholinergic contraction mediated by the release of acetylcholine. 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) is a 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 agonist. In this study, we have investigated whether 8-OH-DPAT could modulate the cholinergic contraction in guinea(More)
1. Pretreatment of bovine tracheal smooth muscle (BTSM) with histamine (1-100 microM, 1 h) induced a concentration-dependent desensitization of the contractile response to subsequently administered histamine, with a reduction of the maximum response of 72 +/- 8% (n = 5) following pre-exposure to 100 microM histamine. In contrast, concentration-response(More)
(D-ALa2, NMePhe4, Gly-ol5) encephalin (DAMGO), a selective mu-opioid receptor agonist, has previously been demonstrated to inhibit the cholinergic and the noncholinergic contraction in guinea-pig airways. In contrast, opioids had no inhibitory effect on cholinergic neurotransmission in the upper trachea when stimulated at 8 Hz. We investigated whether(More)
Epinastine is an antihistamine drug with binding affinities at 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors. The current study was performed to investigate whether epinastine could modulate the cholinergic contraction in guinea pig and human airways in vitro. Isolated guinea pig and human airway preparations were suspended in organ baths containing modified(More)