J. L. Oliveras

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Midbrain stimulation in chronically implanted, awake cats in the vicinity of dorsal raphe nucleus evoked profound analgesia to peripherally applied noxious stimuli. Analgesia was not accompanied by other obvious sensory or motor deficits. The peripheral field of analgesia sometimes included the entire body and in other cases was restricted to the(More)
1. The present study evaluates the necessity of the ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (VPM) for discrimination of the intensity of noxious heating, innocuous cooling, and innocuous tactile (airpuff) stimulation of the maxillary skin. 2. Two rhesus monkeys were trained to detect small differences (< 1.0 degrees C) in the intensity of noxious heat (near(More)
The direct electrical stimulation (with biphasic pulses of 1 msec, 10 pulses/sec, 200 microA, for 30 min) of the nucleus raphe magnus in chloral hydrate anaesthesized rats produced a significant acceleration (+50%) of 5-HT synthesis in the spinal cord as revealed by the increased rate of 5-HTP accumulation occurring at this level after the blockade of(More)
The role of dorsal horn wide-dynamic-range (WDR) and nociceptive-specific (NS) neurons in the encoding of the perceived intensity of noxious stimuli was determined while monkeys detected near-threshold changes in the intensity of noxious heat stimuli. Behavioral detection latencies were a reliable measure of the perceived intensity of these stimuli. There(More)
1. We examined the activity of thermally sensitive trigeminothalamic neurons and nonprojection neurons in the medullary dorsal horn (trigeminal nucleus caudalis) in three monkeys performing thermal and visual detection tasks. 2. An examination of neuronal stimulus-response functions, obtained during thermal-detection tasks in which noxious heat stimuli were(More)
Microinjections of low concentration of morphine (5 micrograms) into the nucleus Raphé Magnus of the Rat produce a strong analgesia that can be reversed by systemic naloxone, an opiate antagonist. The administration of naloxone (5 micrograms) into the Raphé Magnus considerably reduces the effects of intravenous morphine. The effects of microinjections of(More)
The vestibular system contributes to the stabilisation of visual images on the retina by means of vestibulo-ocular compensatory reactions. The development of vestibular control of eye movements has been studied in twelve week old kittens, reared in total darkness, which have been compared with a control group of kittens reared in normal conditions.(More)
By means of single-unit recordings, as we have already performed in other studies, we have found that in the awake, drug-free, freely moving rat, there is only one neuronal class potentially involved in nociception and its control at the ventromedial medulla level (VMM, a structure involved in the spinal descending control systems of nociception): the(More)