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The biochemical and behavioral effects of a nonpeptidic, selective, and brain-penetrant agonist at the ORL1 receptor are reported herein. This low molecular weight compound [(1S,3aS)-8- (2,3,3a,4,5, 6-hexahydro-1H-phenalen-1-yl)-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza- spiro[4. 5]decan-4-one] has high affinity for recombinant human ORL1 receptors and has 100-fold selectivity(More)
The neuropeptide orphanin FQ (also known as nociceptin; OFQ/N) has been implicated in modulating stress-related behavior. OFQ/N was demonstrated to reverse stress-induced analgesia and possess anxiolytic-like activity after central administration. To further study physiological functions of OFQ/N, we have generated OFQ/N-deficient mice by targeted(More)
Orphanin FQ (OFQ, Nociceptin) is a recently discovered 17-amino acid neuropeptide that is structurally related to the opioid peptides but does not bind opioid receptors. OFQ has been proposed to act as an anti-opioid peptide, but its widespread sites of action in the brain suggest that it may have more general functions. Here we show that OFQ plays an(More)
We have used site-directed mutagenesis in conjunction with homologous recombination to generate two mouse lines carrying point mutations in the glycine binding site of the NMDAR1 subunit (Grin1). Glycine concentration-response curves from acutely dissociated hippocampal neurons revealed a 5- and 86-fold reduction in receptor glycine affinity in mice(More)
In vitro, (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C4H4O4 and (S)-2-(4,4,7-trimethyl-1,4-dihydro-indeno[1, 2-b]pyrrol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C4H4O4 exhibited high-affinity binding to the serotonin2C (5HT2C) receptors and stimulated turnover of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate. Affinity to several of the other 5-HT receptor subtypes and to(More)
The effect of chronic unpredictable mild stress on sensitivity to reward was evaluated using the brain self-stimulation procedure. Rats were allowed to electrically self-stimulate the ventral tegmental area, one of the main cerebral structures subserving positive reinforcement. Stimulation thresholds (frequency of stimuli) for self-stimulation responses(More)
Neurosurgical stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG) matter in man induces acute signs of autonomic arousal and feelings of subjective anxiety; those signs have phenomenological similarity with the symptom profile characterizing a panic attack. Animals undergoing dPAG stimulation show comparable physical signs of autonomic activation and(More)
Human attentional impairments can be modelled in the rat using the prepulse inhibition (PPI) or the latent inhibition (LI) paradigm. The present study investigated the consequences of a combination of pre-weaning maternal separation (MS) and post-weaning social isolation (SI) on both PPI and LI in male and female Sprague--Dawley rats tested as adults. We(More)
The effects of GABA-related compounds microinjected into the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) on the tail-flick reflex (TF) and on the activity of tail-flick related neurons in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM), were studied in barbiturate anesthesized rats. Neurons whose activity either decreased (off-cells) or increased (on-cells) immediately prior(More)
The multiple actions of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on neuroendocrine and behavioural functions can now be examined using new, high affinity, non peptidic antagonists which exhibit central activity upon systemic application. We have shown that compound CP 154,526 (butyl-ethyl-[2,5-dimethyl-7-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo(More)