Learn More
The speed of absorption of dietary amino acids by the gut varies according to the type of ingested dietary protein. This could affect postprandial protein synthesis, breakdown, and deposition. To test this hypothesis, two intrinsically 13C-leucine-labeled milk proteins, casein (CAS) and whey protein (WP), of different physicochemical properties were(More)
The influence of the origin and kind of caseinophosphopeptide (CPP) on iron absorption was assessed by comparing a commercially available CPP mixture (CPPs) and derived chromatographic fractions with the purified, chemically phosphopeptide of beta-casein [beta-CN(1-25)] using a perfused rat duodenal loop system; gluconate iron was used as control. Only iron(More)
We present an extensive description and analysis of a microfiltration process patented in our laboratory to separate different fractions of the initial milk fat globule population according to the size of the native milk fat globules (MFG). We used nominal membrane pore sizes of 2 to 12 microm and a specially designed pilot rig. Using this process with(More)
AIMS To study the effects of temperature, pH and yeast extract (YE) concentration on growth and exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by Propionibacterium acidi-propionici DSM 4900 cultivated on milk microfiltrate. METHODS AND RESULTS A multifactorial approach using a Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was followed. The results indicated that both growth,(More)
Novel genetic variants for donkey milk lysozyme and beta-lactoglobulins I and II have been identified by the combined use of peptide mass mapping and sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry in association with database searching. The novel donkey lysozyme variant designated as lysozyme B (Mr 14,631 Da) differed in three amino acid exchanges, N49 --> D, Y52(More)
The extent of the early stage of the Maillard-type reaction that impaired functional properties of whey proteins was evaluated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Under conditions of mild heat treatment (63 degrees C for 20 s) applied to milk before whey separation at room temperature 23 degrees C), a modification of the relative molecular mass of(More)
Binding iron to the phosphorylated beta(1-25) peptide derived from beta-casein improves iron bioavailability in the rat. The aim of the present work was to learn how injected beta(1-25) and iron-beta(1-25) complex behave in the duodenum of rats using the technique of intestinal ligation in situ and reversed-phase (RP)-high performance liquid(More)
The protein composition of 24 individual Maiwa yak milk samples that were collected in the Sichuan province of China was determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Yak milk differed from cow milk by its high concentration of total proteins (46.2– 58.4 g·L), total casein (40.2 g·L on average) and the proportion of individual(More)
Mechanisms of protein gain during protein feeding have been investigated using a combination of oral and intravenous labeled leucine in healthy young men. The oral labeled leucine was administered as a free oral tracer ([13C]- or [2H3]leucine) added to unlabeled whey protein or as whey protein intrinsically labeled with L-[1-13C]leucine. When the oral(More)
Separation of milk fat in small globules (SG) (diameter lower than 2 μm) and in large globules (LG) (diameter higher than 2 μm) was realized by a patented process using special ceramic microfiltration membranes. Transformations in drinking milks, yoghourts, sour cream, camembert, Swiss cheese and butters were realized from milks of which the fat content was(More)