J. -L. Mandel

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Fragile X mental retardation syndrome is caused by the unstable expansion of a CGG repeat in the FMR–1 gene. In patients with a full mutation, abnormal methylation results in suppression of FMR–1 transcription. FMR–1 is expressed in many tissues but its function is unknown. We have raised monoclonal antibodies specific for the FMR–1 protein. They detect 4–5(More)
Neuronal plasticity requires actin cytoskeleton remodeling and local protein translation in response to extracellular signals. Rho GTPase pathways control actin reorganization, while the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) regulates the synthesis of specific proteins. Mutations affecting either pathway produce neuronal connectivity defects in model(More)
L-Sox5 and Sox6 are highly identical Sry-related transcription factors coexpressed in cartilage. Whereas Sox5 and Sox6 single null mice are born with mild skeletal abnormalities, Sox5; Sox6 double null fetuses die with a severe, generalized chondrodysplasia. In these double mutants, chondroblasts poorly differentiate. They express the genes for all(More)
Two forms of the neurodegenerative disorder spinocerebellar ataxia are known to be caused by the expansion of a CAG (polyglutamine) trinucleotide repeat. By screening cDNA expression libraries, using an antibody specific for polyglutamine repeats, we identified six novel genes containing CAG stretches. One of them is mutated in patients with spinocerebellar(More)
Proteolytic processing of mutant huntingtin (mhtt) is regarded as a key event in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease (HD). Mhtt fragments containing a polyglutamine expansion form intracellular inclusions and are more cytotoxic than full-length mhtt. Here, we report that two distinct mhtt fragments, termed cp-A and cp-B, differentially build up nuclear(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is primarily an autosomal recessive ciliopathy characterized by progressive retinal degeneration, obesity, cognitive impairment, polydactyly, and kidney anomalies. The disorder is genetically heterogeneous, with 11 BBS genes identified to date, which account for ~70% of affected families. We have combined(More)
The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) has been mapped to chromosome 3p12–13. By positional cloning, we have identified a new gene of unknown function containing a CAG repeat that is expanded in SCA7 patients. On mutated alleles, CAG repeat size is highly variable, ranging from 38 to 130 repeats, whereas on normal alleles it ranges from 7 to 17(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) results from the expansion of a polyglutamine encoding CAG repeat in a gene of unknown function. The wide expression of this transcript does not correlate with the pattern of neuropathology in HD. To study the HD gene product (huntingtin), we have developed monoclonal antibodies raised against four different regions of the protein.(More)
The CGG repeat in the 5' untranslated region of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) exhibits remarkable instability upon transmission from mothers with premutation alleles. A collaboration of 13 laboratories in eight countries was established to examine four issues concerning FMR1 CGG-repeat instability among females with premutation(More)
Centronuclear myopathies are characterized by muscle weakness and abnormal centralization of nuclei in muscle fibers not secondary to regeneration. The severe neonatal X-linked form (myotubular myopathy) is due to mutations in the phosphoinositide phosphatase myotubularin (MTM1), whereas mutations in dynamin 2 (DNM2) have been found in some autosomal(More)