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We correlated available fate maps for the avian neural plate at stages HH4 and HH8 with the progress of local molecular specification, aiming to determine when the molecular specification maps of the primary longitudinal and transversal domains of the anterior forebrain agree with the fate mapped data. To this end, we examined selected gene expression(More)
The hypothalamus comprises alar, basal, and floor plate developmental compartments. Recent molecular data support a rostrocaudal subdivision into rostral (terminal) and caudal (peduncular) halves. In this context, the distribution of neuronal populations expressing somatostatin (Sst) mRNA was analyzed in the developing mouse hypothalamus, comparing with the(More)
The raphe nuclei represent the origin of central serotonergic projections. The literature distinguishes seven nuclei grouped into rostral and caudal clusters relative to the pons. The boundaries of these nuclei have not been defined precisely enough, particularly with regard to developmental units, notably hindbrain rhombomeres. We hold that a developmental(More)
According to the updated prosomeric model, the hypothalamus is subdivided rostrocaudally into terminal and peduncular parts, and dorsoventrally into alar, basal, and floor longitudinal zones. In this context, we examined the ontogeny of peptidergic cell populations expressing Crh, Trh, and Ghrh mRNAs in the mouse hypothalamus, comparing their distribution(More)
The interpeduncular nucleus (IP) is a key limbic structure, highly conserved evolutionarily among vertebrates. The IP receives indirect input from limbic areas of the telencephalon, relayed by the habenula via the fasciculus retroflexus. The function of the habenulo-IP complex is poorly understood, although there is evidence that in rodents it modulates(More)
The chick retinotectal system is a suitable model to investigate the mechanisms involved in the establishment of synaptic connections in whose refinement nitric oxide was implicated. The purpose of this work was to describe the developmental pattern of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-positive neurons as well as to determine if it is sensitive to changes in(More)
The adenohypophysis (ADH) is an important endocrine organ involved in the regulation of many physiological processes. The late morphogenesis of this organ at neural tube stages is well known: the epithelial ADH primordium is recognized as an invagination of the stomodeal roof (Rathke's pouch), whose walls later thicken and differentiate as the primordium(More)
The developing mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (nucleus of the fifth cranial nerve; Mes5) is composed of four neuron populations: 1) the medial group, located at the tectal commissure; 2) the lateral group distributed along the optic tectum hemispheres; 3) a group outside the neural tube; and 4) a population located at the posterior commissure. The present(More)
Plasminogen activators are serine proteases which play a key role in morphogenesis and tissue remodelling. Two different molecular types, tissue-type and urokinase-type, were identified and they were postulated to play a role in neural development. The developing chick optic lobe plays a central role in processing visual information. In previous studies we(More)