J-L Fan

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Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Desmoglein-3 (dsg-3) expressed in the suprabasal layer of the skin serves as an autoantigen in PV. Passive transfer of sera, either from patients with PV or from experimental animals immunized with a recombinant human dsg3 (hdsg3) into neonatal BALB/c mice(More)
We recently expressed the extracellular domain of the human TSHR (ETSHR) protein using a baculovirus expression system and purified it to homogeneity. The ETSHR specifically binds both TSH and antibodies to TSHR. In the present study, C57BL/6J, SJL/J, BALB/cJ and B10BR.SgSnJ mice were immunized with the recombinant ETSHR or an equivalent amount of control(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is mediated by autoantibodies to desmoglein 3, the pemphigus vulgaris antigen (PVA). PVA and an extracellular domain of PVA-Ig fusion protein (PV-Ig) can completely adsorb the blister-causing Abs from PV patient sera, suggesting that the extracellular segment of PVA might be sufficient to induce pathogenic Abs. To test this, we(More)
When AKR/J Sea (AKR, H-2k) mice were primed i.v. with 1 X 10(8) viable spleen cells from naive C3H/He Slc (C3H, H-2k) mice and treated i.p. with 200 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (CP) 2 days later, a minimal degree of mixed chimerism associated with tolerance to C3H skin was established without graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and maintained for at least one(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an Ab-mediated autoimmune blistering disease of mucotaneous surfaces. Over 95% of the patients with PV express DR4 or DRw6, and the disease is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies directed against desmoglein 3 (Dsg 3), a protein expressed on keratinocytes. An appropriate animal model is required to understand(More)
We sought to determine the influence of sympathoexcitation on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA), cerebrovascular reactivity, and ventilatory control in humans at high altitude (HA). At sea level (SL) and following 3-10 days at HA (5,050 m), we measured arterial blood gases, ventilation, arterial pressure, and middle cerebral blood velocity (MCAv) before(More)
Graft-versus-host reaction (GVH) after allogeneic spleen cell transplantation was completely suppressed in an H-2-matched murine combination (AKR/J Sea [H-2k]----lethally irradiated C3H/He Slc [H-2k]) by pretreatment of the donors with recipient spleen cell antigen plus cyclophosphamide (CP). Irradiated recipients receiving cells became chimeric. In(More)
In a fully allogeneic murine combination of C3H/HeSlc (C3H) (H-2k) and C57BL/6CrSlc (B6) (H-2b), C3H mice were primed i.v. with 1 X 10(8) spleen cells from B6 mice preimmunized i.v. with 5 X 10(7) C3H spleen cells and then were given i.p. 200 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (CP) 2 days later (Im-B6-Sc plus CP group). The tolerant state in those recipient mice was(More)
Autoantibodies to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) can act as thyrotropin agonists or antagonists, or can cause thyroid hypertrophy. Neither the autoantibody-binding sites on the TSHR nor the intracellular mechanisms by which the autoantibodies mediate their diverse functional effects are completely understood. This article reviews how cloning of the TSHR(More)