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CS is an autosomal recessive multisystem disorder, which is mainly characterized by neurologic and sensory impairment, cachectic dwarfism, and photosensitivity. We describe the neuroimaging features (MR imaging, ¹H-MR spectroscopy, and CT) in the various clinical subtypes of CS from a cohort of genetically and biochemically proved cases. Hypomyelination,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Spinal osteoid osteomas are rare; when they occur, they are usually treated by surgical or percutaneous excision. The aim of percutaneous interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) of osteoid osteomas under CT guidance is thermal destruction of the nidus using low-power laser energy, thus precluding bone resection and open surgery. (More)
OBJECTIVES Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system characterized by severe attacks of optic neuritis and myelitis. Brain was classically, unlike in multiple sclerosis (MS), spared. Nevertheless recent studies showed that brain lesions can be seen with MRI. We studied the diffusion characteristics of(More)
We propose to assess the usefulness of diffusion-weighted MR Imaging (DWI), fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and constructive interference in steady state (CISS) sequences in depicting epidermoid cysts (EC). FLAIR, CISS and DWI were obtained in 7 patients among 22. All patients were studied with T1 and T2 sequences. On Spin Echo images, EC(More)
Patients with epidermoid cyst of the fourth ventricle usually present with headaches and/or disequilibrium. These cysts are characterized by a focal lesion that is nearly isodense to CSF at CT and nearly isointense to CSF on T1W and T2W MR images. MRI using FLAIR and diffusion weighted images as well as 3D CISS acquisitions is useful to better characterize(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasability and the potential usefulness of functional MRI (fMRI) for the evaluation of brain functions after severe brain injury, when compared to a multimodal approach (evoked potentials [EP] and Positron Emission Tomography [PET] examinations). MATERIAL AND METHODS Seven patients (mean age: 49 years [23-73], three males, four(More)
In order to study the microanatomy of the lateral sellar compartment (cavernous sinus) medial wall, serial histological sections of human fetuses and adults, as well as dissections under operative microscope, were performed. The results were compared to high resolution Magnetic Resonance Images in human, to microdissections and to serial histological(More)
We describe the technique of percutaneous vertebroplasty using methyl methacrylate. We injected under the guidance of CT and fluoroscopy a group of 10 patients with back pain caused by a variety of vertebral lesions including severe osteoporosis (n = 4), hemangiomas (n = 5) and metastasis (n = 1). Over varying periods of follow-up (ranging from 4 to 17(More)
We describe the computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings in two cases of intrasellar arachnoid cysts. The diagnosis of intrasellar arachnoid cyst with suprasellar extension should be evoked in case of a cyst-like formation whose density and signal appear to be identical to those of the cerebrospinal fluid even if contrast uptake is(More)