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Lewis and Fischer inbred rat strains differ in behavioral and biochemical responses to psychoactive drugs: Lewis rats show greater behavioral responses to psychoactive drugs than Fischer rats and they fail to show biochemical adaptations in the mesolimbic dopamine system after chronic drug exposure, in contrast to Fischer and outbred rats. This suggests(More)
We have studied biochemical and behavioral effects of chronic corticosterone administration in two inbred rat stains (Fischer 344 and Lewis), known to differ in their hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and in their behavioral responses to drugs of abuse. First, we studied corticosterone regulation of phosphoproteins in the ventral tegmental area of sham-(More)
Many behavioral effects of cocaine are attenuated by dopamine (DA) receptor antagonists. Yet, long-term DA antagonist administration enhances neuronal responsiveness to DA in several pathways, including the mesolimbic system. This study compared the effects of short-term versus long-term administration of the DA antagonist, haloperidol, on cocaine place(More)
Recent studies indicate that an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor system in the rostral medulla is involved in opiate withdrawal. Although NMDA antagonists attenuate naloxone-precipitated opiate withdrawal, they can cause phencyclidine (PCP)like effects that contraindicate clinical use. Because NMDA channels contain sites for the glutamate coagonist,(More)
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