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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Impairments in cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) have been variably associated with increased risk of ischemic events and may stratify stroke risk in patients with high-grade internal carotid artery stenosis or occlusion. The purpose of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association of CVR(More)
The directed generation of cardiac myocytes from endogenous stem cells offers the potential for novel therapies for cardiovascular disease. To facilitate the development of such approaches, we sought to identify and exploit the pathways directing the generation of cardiac myocytes from adult rodent bone marrow cells (BMCs). In vitro cultures supporting the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CT myelography has historically been the test of choice for localization of CSF fistula in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension. This study evaluates the additional benefits of intrathecal gadolinium MR myelography in the detection of CSF leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective review of patients with(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare effective radiation doses between prospective and retrospective electrocardiographic gating during coronary computed tomographic angiography for coronary artery bypass grafting evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty consecutive coronary computed tomographic angiographic exams for coronary(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common, benign tumor of the major salivary glands. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice. Initial preoperative workup of major salivary gland neoplasms often includes fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and neck. Our objective was to assess(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 4D-CT is a novel method of multiphase CT imaging. When used to localize parathyroid adenomas and hyperplasia, this technique may allow for more robust diagnostic accuracy than traditional sonography and nuclear scintigraphy techniques. The purpose of our study is to assess the accuracy of 4D-CT for localizing pathologically proved(More)
Infantile spasm or West syndrome is a pediatric epileptic disorder characterized by flexor and/or extensor spasms beginning in childhood. Vigabatrin is an effective medical therapy for infantile spasm but has pronounced, potentially worrisome imaging findings in patients receiving therapy. We present the case of an 8-month-old infant with such brain(More)
Evaluating the complex anatomy of the suprahyoid neck on imaging studies can be a daunting task without a sound understanding of anatomy and a systematic approach. In this article, the suprahyoid neck is divided into characteristic anatomic spaces, which allow for the accurate localization of both normal structures and abnormal pathology in the neck. Once a(More)
STUDY DESIGN Observational study. OBJECTIVE To demonstrate use of magnetic resonance (MR) neurography to visualize the course of the lumbar plexus at the L4-L5 disc space. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Risk of injury to the lumbar plexus during lateral transpsoas approach for lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is significant. We describe a new technique for(More)