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Studies in animal tumour models of colorectal cancer suggest that F(ab')2 antibody fragments to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) labelled with iodine-131 give superior therapy compared with intact anti-CEA antibody. The purpose of this study was to investigate this hypothesis in patients. Ten patients received intact A5B7 IgG1 mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb)(More)
The monoclonal anti-CEA antibody, A5B7, has previously been administered to patients for radioimmunotherapy (RIT). Long circulation time and the formation of an immune response have limited therapeutic success in the clinic. Antibody fragments can be used to reduce the in vivo circulation time, but the best combination of fragment and radioisotope to use(More)
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is currently limited by toxicity to normal tissues as a result of prolonged circulating radioantibody in the blood. In this study, the use of a clearing antibody was investigated (second antibody) in an attempt to reduce blood background levels of [90Y]A5B7 immunoglobulin G (IgG) activity, and, therefore, improve the therapeutic(More)
We have been investigating the use of cross-linked divalent (DFM) and trivalent (TFM) versions of the anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monoclonal antibody A5B7 as possible alternatives to the parent forms (IgG and F(ab')2) which have been used previously in clinical radioimmunotherapy (RIT) studies in colorectal carcinoma. Comparative biodistribution(More)
Antibody engineering has made it possible to design antibodies with optimal characteristics for delivery of radionuclides for tumour imaging and therapy. A humanised divalent-Fab' cross-linked with a bis-maleimide linker referred to as humanised divalent-Fab' maleimide was produced as a result of this design process. It is a humanised divalent antibody with(More)
OBJECTIVE The maintenance of youthful skin appearance is strongly desired by a large proportion of the world's population. The aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate the effect on skin wrinkling, of a combination of ingredients reported to influence key factors involved in skin ageing, namely inflammation, collagen synthesis and oxidative/UV(More)
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