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The neuropeptide substance P, the venom peptide mastoparan and the synthetic polyamine compound 48/80 activate rat peritoneal mast cells, leading to rapid histamine release by exocytosis. Although these effects are inhibited by pertussis toxin and involve a transient increase in IP3, no selective membrane receptors have been identified. However, it has(More)
Incubation of rat peritoneal mast cells with substance P resulted in the transient stimulation of phosphoinositol breakdown and histamine secretion through an exocytotic process. These effects were inhibited markedly by a prior 2-hr exposure of the cells to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin also inhibited exocytosis induced by substance P, mastoparan and(More)
The presence of CB(2) receptors was reported in the rat basophilic cell line RBL-2H3 and N-palmitoylethanolamide was proposed as an endogenous, potent agonist of this receptor. We synthesized a series of 10 N-palmitoylethanolamide homologues and analogues, varying by the elongation of the fatty acid chain from caproyl to stearoyl and by the nature of the(More)
In response to a variety of stimuli, neutrophils release large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase. This process known as the respiratory burst is dependent on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) may modulate ROS generation through a priming phenomenon. The(More)
The natural polyamines spermine and spermidine, the biosynthetic precursor putrescine and their analogues cadaverine and tyramine stimulate the GTPase activity of purified GTP-binding proteins (Go/Gi) from calf brain reconstituted into phospholipid vesicles. The order of potency was spermine greater than spermidine greater than putrescine = cadaverine(More)
The peptide hormones bradykinin and kallidin (Lys-bradykinin), as well as their analogues [des-Arg9]-bradykinin, a selective B1 agonist, [des-Arg9,Leu8]-bradykinin, a selective B1 antagonist, and [Thi5,8,D-Phe7]-bradykinin and D-Arg0-[Hyp3,D-Phe7]-bradykinin, two selective B2 antagonists, induced rapid histamine release from purified rat peritoneal mast(More)
We showed, in rat de-endothelialised tail artery, that pertussis toxin (PTX) (1 microg/mL, 2 hr) attenuated norepinephrine (NE)-induced vasoconstriction without modifying intracellular calcium concentration [Ca2+](i) mobilisation. We suggested the existence of two NE-induced intracellular pathways: a first, which would be insensitive to PTX and lead to(More)
In the presence of interleukin-3 and interleukin-5, eosinophil precursors from human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells were regularly differentiated into mature eosinophil-like cells expressing normal morphology and cyanide-resistant peroxidase. O2- production and [Ca2+]i rise were measured in these in vitro differentiated eosinophils after fMLP(More)
Store-operated Ca2+ entry is referred to a capacitative current activated by Ca2+ -stores depletion in various non-excitable cells. Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells responded to N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L-Phenylalanine (fMLP) by an early O2- production preceded by a [Ca2+]i rise. Cell stimulation in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ resulted in a major(More)
To measure intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and superoxide (O2) production in human alveolar macrophages, we used the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and the O2-sensitive dye dihydrorhodamine-123, which becomes fluorescent in its oxidized form, rhodamine-123. We describe a new double-dye technique whereby the kinetics of both [Ca2+]i levels(More)