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The potentiation and subsequent initiation of transcription are complex biological phenomena. The region of attachment of the chromatin fiber to the nuclear matrix, known as the matrix attachment region or scaffold attachment region (MAR or SAR), are thought to be requisite for the transcriptional regulation of the eukaryotic genome. As expressed sequences(More)
Mammalian spermiogenesis is marked by the initial disruption of the nuclear-histone-DNA complex by the transition proteins for ultimate replacement with protamines. The genes for three of these low molecular weight basic nuclear proteins exist as a single linear array of PRM1, PRM2, and TNP2 on human chromosome 16p13.2. To begin to address the mechanism(More)
We develop a theory of arithmetic characteristic classes of (fully decomposed) automorphic vector bundles equipped with an invariant hermitian metric. These characteristic classes have values in an arithmetic Chow ring constructed by means of differential forms with certain log-log type singularities. We first study the cohomolog-ical properties of log-log(More)
The members of the male haploid expressed protamine 1 (PRM1)-->protamine 2 (PRM2)-->transition protein 2 (TNP2) locus exist as a single, coordinately expressed genic domain. Previous analysis has revealed that the genes within the human PRM1-->PRM2-->TNP2 domain are inter-related, as they share significant sequence similarity at both the nucleotide and(More)
Analysis of the haploid-expressed human PRM1 --> PRM2 --> TNP2 genic domain has revealed two regions of attachment to the sperm nuclear matrix. These sperm nuclear matrix attachment regions delimit the DNase I-sensitive domain of this haploid-expressed locus. The domain is intermediately associated with but not attached to the nuclear matrix. DNase(More)
To suppress background hybridization due to repetitive sequence elements, competitor Alu containing clones were isolated from a subclone library of human cosmid clone hP3.1. Pre-annealing of the probe-with this competitor increased the signal well above background. In comparison, the addition of the competitor directly to both the prehybridization and(More)
The presence of specific messenger RNAs in the nuclei of mature mammalian spermatozoa has been demonstrated by several independent laboratories. Others have suggested that various polymerases may also be active in mature spermatozoa. This has led to the notion that the 'sleeping' genome may not be so quiescent after all. The alternate use of somatic-like(More)
Numerous reports have suggested that disturbances in nuclear condensation may result in male infertility. This notion has been supported by the observation of infertile individuals with a decrease or absence of the male sperm-specific chromatin packaging protamine proteins. To date, no correlation between the absence of protamine proteins and a mutation(More)
Potentiation is requisite for the expression of our genome. It is the mechanism of opening chromatin domains to render genes accessible to tissue-specific and ubiquitous transacting-factors that enables transcription. The results presented in this study demonstrate that modulation of stage- and cell-type-specific gene expression during mammalian(More)
This communication describes a useful approach for assessing the significance of the occurrence of multiple motifs within defined segments of the genome. Regions of potential biological importance are identified using various sequence motifs, and then the results are displayed as their cumulative statistically weighted distribution. We illustrate the(More)