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Although fluoroquinolones or other antibiotics are commonly used to prevent bacterial infections after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), because of the growing presence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms, it is important to identify patients who are more likely to benefit from antibacterial prophylaxis. To evaluate risk factors for early(More)
Iron overload is frequently observed in patients with hematologic diseases before and after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation because they usually receive multiple red blood cell transfusions. Elevated pretransplant serum ferritin levels, which are widely used as indicators of body iron status, are significantly associated with a lower overall survival(More)
The relationship between serum hepcidin, a key regulator of body iron homeostasis, and erythropoiesis was investigated before and after stem cell transplantation in 31 patients with hematopoietic malignancies. Serum hepcidin-25 was monitored using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based assay system. Other iron- and erythropoiesis-related(More)
Few studies have evaluated the risk factors for chronic GVHD and organ involvement associated with different graft types, including unrelated cord blood (U-CB). We retrospectively studied 4818 adult patients who received their first allogeneic transplantation and survived for at least 100 days. The incidence of chronic GVHD at 2 years was 37%. The following(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is increasingly used as a curative option for adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), an intractable mature T-cell neoplasm causally linked with human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I). We compared outcomes of 386 patients with ATL who underwent allogeneic HSCT using different graft sources: 154 received(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an effective treatment for adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), raising the question about the role of graft-versus-leukemia effect against ATL. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the effects of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on overall survival, disease-associated mortality, and(More)
High fevers and/or rashes prior to neutrophil engraftment are frequently observed after umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation, and the condition is referred to as pre-engraftment syndrome (PES). Few studies have evaluated the risk factors for and treatment response to PES. Therefore, we retrospectively characterized PES in 57 consecutive engrafted(More)
An earlier report identified higher risks of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in White children compared with the Japanese after HLA-matched sibling transplantations. The current analysis explored whether racial differences are associated with GVHD risks after unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation. Included are patients of(More)
OBJECTIVES We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. METHODS We collected reports from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science, along with references cited therein. We included prospective, randomized studies on systemic(More)
Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive mature T cell malignancy that is causally associated with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. The HTLV-1 regulatory protein Tax aggressively accelerates the proliferation of host cells and is also an important target antigen for CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells (CTLs). We previously(More)