Learn More
The purpose of this study is to restore the motion of the paralyzed shoulder caused by upper motor neuron disorders using functional electrical stimulation (FES). Percutaneous wire electrodes were implanted into twelve muscles of the shoulder in six patients with stroke or cervical spinal cord injury. The motion of the paralyzed shoulder was controlled by a(More)
Regulation of Cl- and HCO3- secretion by intramural cholinergic neurons was investigated in guinea pig antrum in vitro. Sheet preparations composed of the mucosa and the submucosa were mounted between Ussing chambers and bathed with buffer-free solution on the luminal surface and with HCO3(-)-CO2 solution on the serosal side. Short-circuit current (Isc),(More)
The purpose of this study is to create the standard stimulation patterns of shoulder motion from electromyographic (EMG) data in 13 healthy human volunteers in order to control the movement of the paralyzed shoulder in quadriplegic and hemiplegic patients by functional electrical stimulation (FES). Simultaneous EMG measurement was made at 24 points of 17(More)
  • 1