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Adenoma and dysplasia in the gallbladder (GB) have been reported as precancerous lesions, but the genetic evidence of this is not clearly defined. The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequencies of K-ras, p53, and p16 gene mutations, of microsatellite instability (MI) and of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in GB cancer, dysplasia, and adenoma. Tissues(More)
We examined neurotoxicity of GT1b against dopaminergic neurons in vitro. Cultures of mesencephalic cells deprived of serum underwent the loss of 19% of tyrosine hydroxylase immunopositive (TH-ip) neurons. In cultures deprived of serum, treatment with 10-30 microg/ml GT1b attenuated the number of TH-ip neurons by 26-69%, respectively, compared to non-treated(More)
A prerequisite for the successful clinical application of gene therapy in erectile dysfunction (ED) is the availability of safe and efficient gene delivery systems. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of guanidinylated bioreducible polymer (GBP) polyplexes for gene delivery systems, which take advantage of the biodegradability of(More)
The major hurdle for the clinical application of stem cell therapy is the heterogeneous nature of the isolated cells, which may cause different treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of mouse clonal bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) obtained from a single colony by using subfractionation culturing method for erectile(More)
Penile erection requires complex interaction between vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, pericytes, and autonomic nerves. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of erectile dysfunction (ED) and multiple pathogenic factors, such as cavernous angiopathy and autonomic neuropathy, are associated with diabetic ED. Although a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatolithiasis is a risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma. However, it is difficult to detect early cholangiocarcinoma that occurs as a complication of hepatolithiasis. To identify the factors, which can be used for predicting cholangiocarcinomas in patients with hepatolithiasis, we compared the clinical characteristics of patients who had(More)
Penile erection is a neurovascular phenomenon that requires well coordinated and functional interaction between penile vascular and nervous systems. In order to provide a useful tool to examine pathologic changes in the erectile tissue, mainly focusing on penile neurovascular dysfunction, we established the technique to determine the differential(More)
Adenovirus or naked plasmid DNA (pDNA) has been used to deliver the therapeutic gene into corpus cavernosum. However, the potential risks of viral vector and inefficiency of naked pDNA have limited their clinical application. In this study, water-soluble lipopolymer (WSLP) was evaluated as a gene carrier to corpus cavernosum. The WSLP/pDNA complex was(More)
Gallbladder carcinomas can present with varied imaging features on computed tomography. The three major imaging features include (1) focal or diffuse wall thickening with or without irregularity of the gallbladder; (2) polypoidal intraluminal mass; and (3) large mass obscuring and replacing the gallbladder, often extending to the liver. Patterns of wall(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) refers to a reduction of calorie intake without compromising essential nutrients to avoid malnutrition. CR has been established as a non-genetic method of altering longevity and attenuating biological changes associated with aging. Aging is also an important risk factor for erectile dysfunction. The aim of this study was to examine(More)