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Epinephrine and amylin stimulate glycogenolysis, glycolysis, and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in skeletal muscle. However, it is not known whether these hormones stimulate glycolytic ATP production that is specifically coupled to ATP consumption by the Na(+)-K(+) pump. These studies correlated glycolysis with Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in resting rat extensor(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that hyperlactatemia in shock may reflect accelerated aerobic glycolysis linked to activity of the Na(+), K(+)-ATPase rather than hypoxia. Epinephrine stimulates glycolysis in resting muscle largely by stimulating Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity. This study evaluates the effects of hemorrhagic shock, with and without combined(More)
Benzoyl peroxide (BzPO) is a free radical generating compound that acts as a tumor promoter and progressor in mouse skin. BzPO is cleaved in the presence of copper to produce benzoyloxyl and phenyl radicals. Treatment of mutation reporter plasmids with BzPO and copper yields predominantly single-strand breaks and G-->T transversion mutations. To explore the(More)
Production of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 in pure and mixed cultures of Aspergillus parasiticus and aspergillus flavus were compared. Differing percentages of A. parasiticus (NRRL 2999) and A. flavus (NRRL 5520) conidia were used as inoculum and allowed to grow in static liquid culture for 10 days. The pure and mixed cultures of A. parasiticus/A. flavus(More)
The concentrations of glutamine and other amino acids were measured in plasma and intracellular fluid of soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of rats 4, 8, and 16 hr after induction of sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture or after sham operation. Previous studies have shown that muscle protein breakdown is greatly increased in EDL, but not in(More)
In order to determine if a sulfated oligosaccharide on the cell surface can function as an L-selectin ligand, a novel approach for in vitro transfer of oligosaccharides was utilized (Srivastava, G., Kaun, K. J., Hindsgaul, O., and Palcic, M. M. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 22356-22361). CHO cells were incubated with synthetic 6'-sulfo sialyl Lex,(More)
We reported previously that IGF-I inhibits burn-induced muscle proteolysis. Recent studies suggest that activation of the phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway with downstream phosphorylation of Forkhead box O transcription factors is an important mechanism of IGF-I-induced anabolic effects in skeletal muscle. The potential roles of(More)
Bacterial sepsis is frequently accompanied by increased blood concentration of lactic acid, which traditionally is attributed to poor tissue perfusion, hypoxia and anaerobic glycolysis. Therapy aimed at improving oxygen delivery to tissues often does not correct the hyperlactatemia, suggesting that high blood lactate in sepsis is not due to hypoxia. Various(More)
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