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OBJECTIVES This study compared differences in total and cause-specific mortality by educational level among women with those among men in 7 countries: the United States, Finland, Norway, Italy, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Estonia. METHODS National data were obtained for the period ca. 1980 to ca. 1990. Age-adjusted rate ratios comparing a broad(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To describe mortality inequalities related to education and housing tenure in 11 European populations and to describe the age pattern of relative and absolute socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in the elderly European population. DESIGN AND METHODS Data from mortality registries linked with population census data of 11 countries and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between socioeconomic status and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in 10 western European populations during the 1990s. DESIGN Longitudinal study. SETTING 10 European populations (95,009,822 person years). METHODS Longitudinal data on IHD mortality by educational level were obtained from registries in Finland,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the differential distribution of transportation injury mortality by educational level in nine European settings, among people older than 30 years, during the 1990s. METHODS Deaths of men and women older than 30 years from transportation injuries were studied. Rate differences and rate ratios (RR) between high and low educational level(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different pattern of childbearing on total mortality. DESIGN A cohort study with all currently married women aged 25 years or more at the Norwegian census in 1970 with follow up to the end of 1985. Information on childbearing was obtained by questionnaires collected by enumerators.(More)
OBJECTIVES Twelve countries were compared with respect to occupational class differences in ischemic heart disease mortality in order to identify factors that are associated with smaller or larger mortality differences. METHODS Data on mortality by occupational class among men aged 30 to 64 years were obtained from national longitudinal or cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Studies from most European countries have been able to demonstrate that lower socioeconomic groups have higher risks of disease, disability and premature death. Uncertain is, however, whether these studies have also been able to estimate the precise magnitude of these inequalities, their patterns and their trends over time. The purpose of this(More)
This study assesses whether stroke mortality trends have been less favorable among lower than among higher socioeconomic groups. Longitudinal data on mortality by socioeconomic status were obtained for Finland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, England/Wales, and Turin, Italy. Data covered the entire population or a representative sample. Stroke mortality rates were(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the impact of marital status, age and parity on the decision regarding pregnancy termination over time among pregnant Norwegian women. DESIGN National surveillance data of induced abortions and births. MATERIAL All women terminating their pregnancies (n = 174,590) as registered in the Abortion File in the Central Bureau of Statistics(More)