J John Balsevich

Learn More
Saponaria vaccaria (Caryophyllaceae), a soapwort, known in western Canada as cowcockle, contains bioactive oleanane-type saponins similar to those found in soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria; Rosaceae). To improve our understanding of the biosynthesis of these saponins, a combined polymerase chain reaction and expressed sequence tag approach was taken to(More)
Cyclic peptides (CPs) are produced in a very wide range of taxa. Their biosynthesis generally involves either non-ribosomal peptide synthases or ribosome-dependent production of precursor peptides. Plants within the Caryophyllaceae and certain other families produce CPs which generally consist of 5-9 proteinogenic amino acids. The biological roles for these(More)
Hairy root cultures of Catharanthus roseus were established by infection with six different Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains. Two plant varieties were used and found to exhibit significantly different responses to infection. Forty-seven hairy root clones derived from normal plants and two derived from the flowerless variety were screened for their growth(More)
Saponaria vaccaria (Caryophyllaceae), a soapwort, known in western Canada as cowcockle, contains bioactive oleanane-type saponins similar to those found in soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria; Rosaceae). To improve our understanding of the biosynthesis of these saponins, a combined polymerase chain reaction and expressed sequence tag approach was taken to(More)
Total methanolic extracts of Saponaria vaccaria seed derived from several varieties, as well as various purified components obtained through successive chromatographic separations of total extracts were evaluated for their growth inhibitory activity in WiDr (colon), MDA-MB-231 (breast), NCI-417 (lung) and PC-3 (prostate) human cancer cells as well as the(More)
Nine quillaic acid and five gypsogenin bisdesmosides were isolated from roots of Saponaria officinalis L. (Caryophyllaceae). Seven of the quillaic acid saponins possessed a 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl unit, but differed from each other in oligosaccharide units linked to the C-28 ester. The five(More)
A number of deuterium labelled 9- and/or 10-oxygenated derivatives of geraniol, geranial, nerol, and neral were used as substrates in feeding experiments with a cell suspension culture of CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS. The 9- and 10-oxo derivatives of geraniol, geranial, nerol, and neral as well as 9,10-dihydroxygeraniol, 9-oxo-10-hydroxygeraniol, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Saponins are widely distributed complex plant glycosides possessing a variety of structure-dependent bioactivities. Quantitation of individual saponins is difficult due to lack of available standards, mainly as a consequence of purification difficulties. Determination of total saponin content can be problematic, often relying on non-specific(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE L-tryptophan (L-W) is a precursor of the vasoconstrictor, 5-HT. However, acute administration of L-W ethyl ester (L-Wee) lowered blood pressure. The mechanism of action is unknown. This study compares the vascular effects of L-W and L-Wee in intact animals, isolated aortic rings, small mesenteric arteries (MA) and explores possible(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method using photodiode array and single quadrupole electrospray mass detection for analysis and profiling of bisdesmosidic saponins in Saponaria vaccaria seed was developed. Profiles of seed extract from three different plant sources were obtained and found to contain the same saponins, albeit in different(More)