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Apart from the existing technology on image compression represented by series of JPEG, MPEG and H.26x standards, new technology such as neural networks and genetic algorithms are being developed to explore the future of image coding. Successful applications of neural networks to vector quantization have now become well established, and other aspects of(More)
Interspecific hybrids between Cucumis hystrix Chakr. (2n = 2x = 24) and Cucumis sativus L. (2n = 2x = 14) were produced by means of F1 (2n = 19) embryo rescue and subsequent chromosome doubling. The hybridity was confirmed by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and chromosome analysis. The amphidiploid (2n = 38) was self-pollinated and backcrossed to(More)
Although a modest homocysteine (Hcy) elevation is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, the underlying mechanisms whereby Hcy triggers the accumulation of cholesterol and the roles of the extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) in the development of foam cells have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we found both increased numbers of(More)
The chlorophenol chemicals (CPs) are a major class of widely distributed and frequently occurring persistent environmental pollutants. Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has been proposed to be procarcinogen in rodents and in possibly human beings. Human beings also easily expose to other chlorophenol chemicals, including 4-chlorophenol (CP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP),(More)
In this paper, we propose a genetic algorithm design to automatically classify and detect micocalcification clusters in digital mammograms. The proposed GA technique is characterised by transforming input images into a feature domain, where each pixel is represented by its mean and standard deviation inside a surrounding window of size 9 x 9 pixel. In the(More)
The RNA-recognition motif (RRM) is a common and evolutionarily conserved RNA-binding module. Crystallographic and solution structural studies have shown that RRMs adopt a compact alpha/beta structure, in which four antiparallel beta-strands form the major RNA-binding surface. Conserved aromatic residues in the RRM are located on the surface of the(More)
The effect of exogenously applied nitric oxide on the heat tolerance of Chrysanthemum morifolium was investigated by applying the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP). We found that the SNP partially alleviated the heat stress by slowing down the reduction of photosynthetic pigment content and net photosynthetic rate. SNP treatment also lowered the increase(More)
SmB6, a well-known Kondo insulator, exhibits a transport anomaly at low temperature. This anomaly is usually attributed to states within the hybridization gap. Recent theoretical work and transport measurements suggest that these in-gap states could be ascribed to topological surface states, which would make SmB6 the first realization of topological Kondo(More)
Rice blast disease, caused by the fungal pathogen Pyricularia grisea Sacc., is one of the most devastating crop diseases worldwide. Previous studies have shown that the dominant blast resistance gene Pi-2(t) confers resistance to a broad spectrum of pathogenic strains. Using a population of 292 recombinant inbred lines combined with bioinformatic analysis,(More)