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Liver failure, or shunting of intestinal blood around the liver, results in hyperammonemia and cerebral dysfunction. Recently it was shown that ammonia caused some of the metabolic signs of hepatic encephalopathy only after it was metabolized by glutamine synthetase in the brain. In the present study, small doses of methionine sulfoximine, an inhibitor of(More)
1. It has been established that chronic hyperammonaemia, whether caused by portacaval shunting or other means, leads to a variety of metabolic changes, including a depression in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGlc) increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier to neutral amino acids, and an increase in the brain content of aromatic amino(More)
1. Portacaval shunting in rats results in several metabolic alterations similar to those seen in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. The characteristic changes include: (a) diminution of cerebral function; (b) raised plasma ammonia and brain glutamine levels; (c) increased neutral amino acid transport across the blood-brain barrier; (d) altered brain and(More)
The mechanism by which neomycin treatment reduces circulating ammonia concentrations was studied in normal and portacaval shunted rats. Rats were given neomycin for 3 days and then fasted for 24 hours to eliminate feces. Neomycin decreased arteriovenous differences of ammonia across the intestine even when the intestines were empty. Neomycin treatment(More)
The activity levels of leucine, isoleucine and valine aminotransferases were determined in various cerebral regions, liver and muscle of rats injected with a large dose of ammonium acetate and were compared with those of normal animals. In brain the activity levels of both leucine and isoleucine aminotransferases were elevated in both preconvulsive and(More)
Recent studies showed that hyperammonaemia caused many of the metabolic changes in portacaval-shunted rats, a model of hepatic encephalopathy. These changes included a depression in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGlc), an indication of decreased brain function. 2. The purpose of the present experiments was to determine whether the depression of(More)
The effect of intraperitoneal administration of L-methionine-DL-sulphoximine (MSI) was studied on branched-chain amino acid transaminases (BCAA-T) in different regions of rat brain and in liver. Administration of an acute dose of MSI (300 mg/kg body weight) resulted in a significant decrease in leucine aminotransferase activity in cerebral cortex,(More)
Cerebral activities of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), glutamine synthetase (GS), and branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase (BCAA-T) along with the levels of ammonia in serum and brain were determined in normal, sham-operated and partially hepatectomized rats. Mild hyperammonemia was observed in sham-operated animals, and the cerebral activities of all(More)
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