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Transformed hairy roots were efficiently induced from seedlings of Taraxacum platycarpum by infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes 15834. Root explants produced transformed roots at a higher frequency (76.5±3.5%) as compared to stem (32.7±4.8%) or cotyledon (16.2±5.7%). Hairy roots exhibited active elongation with high branching of roots on growth(More)
In most plants, somatic embryos tend to germinate prematurely, a process that is detrimental to controlled plant production and the conservation of artificial seeds. We investigated the dormancy characteristics of Siberian ginseng somatic embryos induced simply by a high sucrose treatment, a treatment that enables the long-term conservation of artificial(More)
This paper introduces the kepstrum method of identification of acoustic transfer functions and its realtime application in techniques such as speech enhancement and noise cancellation. By using kepstrum (known elsewhere as complex cepstrum) analysis, we will show that the kepstrum method is reliable and applicable to real-time processing by providing an(More)
The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) is a standardized, validated, and reliable tool to assess neuropsychiatric derangements in dementia patients. The aim of this study is to develop the Korean version of the NPI (K-NPI) and to test its reliability and usefulness in dementia patients. The subjects were 49 normal controls and 92 patients with Alzheimer's(More)
Herbicide-resistant transgenic Panax ginseng plants were produced by introducing the phosphinothricin acetyl transferase (PAT) gene that confers resistance to the herbicide Basta (bialaphos) through Agrobacterium tumefaciens co-cultivation. Embryogenic callus gathered from cotyledon explants of P. ginseng were pre-treated with 0.5 M sucrose or 0.05 M MgSO4(More)
High frequency somatic embryogenesis of Eleutheorcoccus chiisanensis was achieved through suspension culture of embryogenic cells in hormone-free Murashige and Skoog liquid medium supplemented with 30 g sucrose l−1. Cotyledonary somatic embryos were germinated and converted into plantlets using 20 μM gibberellic acid which were then grown in a 10 l airlift(More)
Cotyledon explants of Panax ginseng produced somatic embryos directly on solid hormone-free MS medium containing 3% (w/v) sucrose while high concentration of NH4NO3 (60 mM) induced embryogenic callus. Ten subcultures of the embryogenic callus on hormone-free MS medium with 40 mM NH4NO3 gave hormone-independent proliferation of callus, which exhibited(More)
Sedums are used as groundcover, in rock gardens and flower borders, and for greening the top floor of buildings, cottages, and thatched roofs. In this study, Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Sedum erythrostichum was studied by introducing a herbicide-resistant gene (phosphinothricin-N-acetyl-transferase) and a reporter gene (β-glucuronidase,(More)
Although histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are emerging as a promising new treatment strategy in malignancy, how they exert their effect on osteosarcoama cells is as yet unclear. This study was undertaken to investigate the underlying mechanism of a HDAC inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA)-induced apoptosis in a osteosarcoma cell line HOS. We observed that(More)
The present study was conducted to explore the potential role of proteasome pathway in NSAIDs-induced apoptosis. We employed sulindac as a NSAID, and chose the lactacystin for inhibition of proteasome activity. Assessment of apoptosis and proteasome activity assay were undertaken. We demonstrated that sulindac treatment resulted in a decrease of proteasome(More)