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OBJECTIVES Psoriasis has been considered as a systemic disease associated with obesity, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome. Adipokines have influence on many metabolic processes. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of conventional topical treatment on serum adiponectin and leptin levels in patients with psoriasis. METHODS Forty-nine(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The quantifiable level of HBsAg has been suggested as a predictor of treatment response in chronic hepatitis B. However, there is limited information on HBsAg levels considering the dynamic natural course of HBV-infection. This study aimed to determine HBsAg levels in the different phases of HBV-infection in European HBsAg-positive(More)
AIM The prevalence of renal disease in human HIV-infected individuals varies between 2% and 10%. Many reports have demonstrated the beneficial effect of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy on slowing the progression of renal diseases. The aim of our cross-sectional study was to determine serum cystatin C concentration in different stages of HIV infection and the(More)
AIM To provide the clinical and epidemiological data of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients of North-Eastern Poland. METHODS A total of 248 IBD patients diagnosed and hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases in Bialystok between 1990 and 2003 were included in the study. We analyzed age, sex, education, characteristics of job, type of(More)
Recent studies provided in vivo evidences of an increased angiogenesis in animal model of portal hypertension and cirrhosis which was linked to increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor. The aim of study was to evaluate the plasma concentration of VEGF and its receptors in liver cirrhosis and the possible association with the degree of(More)
Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) has been suggested as an additional marker of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. HBcrAg combines the antigenic reactivity resulting from denatured hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), HBV core antigen and an artificial core-related protein (p22cr). In Asian patients, high levels of HBcrAg have been suggested to be an(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is usually self-limited but may lead to acute hepatitis and rarely to fulminant hepatic failure. Persistent HEV infections have recently been described in organ transplant recipients receiving immunosuppressive medications, suggesting that HEV is controlled by adaptive immune responses. However, only few studies have(More)
The outcome of viral infections is dependent on the function of CD8+ T cells which are tightly regulated by costimulatory molecules. The NK cell receptor 2B4 (CD244) is a transmembrane protein belonging to the Ig superfamily which can also be expressed by CD8+ T cells. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of 2B4 as an additional costimulatory(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pegylated interferon-alpha (PEG-IFNalpha), in combination with ribavirin, controls hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in approximately 50% of patients by mechanisms that are not completely understood. Beside a direct antiviral effect, different immunomodulatory effects have been discussed. Natural killer (NK) cells might be associated with(More)
INTRODUCTION There are two classes of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) agents currently in development: direct-acting antivirals (DAA) and host-targeting antivirals (HTA). Cyclophilin inhibitor alisporivir (ALV) , previously known as Debio-025 is the most advanced HTA in development. AREAS COVERED Experimental and clinical studies demonstrated that ALV has(More)