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NeuN (neuronal nuclei) is an antigen used widely in research and diagnostics to identify postmitotic neurons. The present study aims at an initial understanding of the molecular nature and functional significance of this as yet ill-defined antigen. Using isoelectric focusing, both the 46- and 48-kDa isoforms of NeuN can be separated in multiple spots(More)
The basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuits are viewed as segregated parallel feed back loops crucially involved in motor control, cognition, and emotional processing. Their role in planning novel, as compared to overlearned movement patterns is as yet not well defined. We tested for the involvement of the associative striatum (caudate/anterior putamen) in(More)
The mesial premotor cortex is crucial for planning sequential procedures and movement initiation. With event-related (ER) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) it has been possible to separate mesial premotor activation before, during, and after self-initiated movements and, thereby, to distinguish advance planning from execution. The mesial premotor(More)
The transcription factor Engrailed-2 is expressed in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) throughout embryonic development but is downregulated in PCs after birth. Since the onset of PC differentiation coincides with this change of gene expression, we asked whether downregulation of Engrailed-2 is necessary for proper timing of PC differentiation. To investigate(More)
Physiological cell death is crucial for matching defined cellular populations within the central nervous system. Whereas the time course of developmental cell death in the central nervous system is well analyzed, information about its precise spatial patterning is scarce. Yet, the latter one is needed to appraise its contribution to circuit formation and(More)
Hyaluronan is a free glycosaminoglycan which is abundant in the extracellular matrix of the developing brain. Although not covalently linked to any protein it can act as a backbone molecule forming aggregates with chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of the lectican family and link proteins. Using neurocan-GFP as a direct histochemical probe we analyzed the(More)
Tetraspanin-5 (Tspan-5) mRNA was recently shown to be strongly expressed within the central nervous system. In order to address Tspan-5 function during nervous system development, we performed a detailed expression analysis in the postnatal FVB/N mouse cerebellum using in situ hybridizations. Tspan-5 mRNA was expressed within cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs)(More)
AIMS Compelling evidence from cell culture studies implicates cadherins in the neoplastic progression of melanocytic tumours but few reports describe the expression of cadherins and the related transmembrane proteins, catenins, in a full range of benign and malignant excised melanocytic tumours. METHODS Using immunohistochemistry and western blotting(More)
OBJECTIVE Preterm birth at <32 weeks' gestational age has a specific predilection for periventricular white matter injury. Early prediction of concomitant motor sequelae is a fundamental clinical issue. Recently, functional MRI was introduced as a noninvasive method for investigating the functional integrity of the neonatal brain. We aimed at implementing a(More)
Endurance exercise is known to promote sustained antinociceptive effects, and there is evidence that the reduction of pain perception mediated by exercise is driven by central opioidergic neurotransmission. To directly investigate the involved brain areas and the underlying neural mechanisms in humans, thermal heat-pain challenges were applied to 20(More)