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Nerve growth factor (NGF) enhances cholinergic functioning in animals with a compromised cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF). Immunotoxic lesions targeting low-affinity NGF receptor (p75NGF receptor)-bearing CBF neurons provide a selective model for testing the effects of NGF on residual cholinergic neurons. Rats received PBS or the immunotoxin 192IgG-saporin(More)
Immunolesions of the cholinergic basal forebrain were produced in rats using various intraventricular doses of the immunotoxin 192 immunoglobulin G-saporin: 0.34, 1.34, 2.0, 2.7 and 4.0 micrograms/rat. A battery of behavioral tests, chosen on the basis of reported sensitivity to conventional medial septal or nucleus basalis lesions, was administered.(More)
The immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin has a high degree of selectivity for cholinergic neurons within the basal forebrain (CBF). Intracerebroventricular delivery of 192 IgG-saporin results in a diffuse and massive depletion of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in projections of the CBF, and non-selective loss of Purkinje cells. To dissociate the(More)
Changes in brain electrical activity in response to cholinergic agonists, antagonists, or excitotoxic lesions of the basal forebrain may not be reflective entirely of changes in cholinergic tone, in so far as these interventions also involve noncholinergic neurons. We examined electrocortical activity in rats following bilateral intracerebroventricular(More)
The degree of lesion produced by 192 IgG-saporin relative to controls was compared using three independent methods. Microdialyzed acetylcholine (ACh), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity, and the rate of ACh synthesis were compared in the frontal cortex and hippocampus. Microdialysis of rats was performed 1 and 15 weeks post-lesion. In week 16, the(More)
Infusion of the excitotoxins, ibotenic acid, quisqualic acid, or AMPA, into the medial septal nucleus, diagonal band, and the nucleus basalis magnocellularis of rats produced less cholinergic cell loss as assessed by choline acetyltransferase activity in the projection fields, cortex and hippocampus, than that obtainable by intraventricular administration(More)
  • R J Small, D P Demaster, H Braham, G Antonelis, M Dahlheim, R Ferrero +21 others
  • 2001
The National Marine Fisheries Service's Alaska Fisheries Science Center uses the NOAA Technical Memorandum series to issue informal scientific and technical publications when complete formal review and editorial processing are not appropriate or feasible. Documents within this series reflect sound professional work and may be referenced in the formal(More)
Survivors from a nationally representative sample of elderly people originally screened in 1985 were reassessed in 1989 and again in 1993. On each occasion respondents were rated as cognitively impaired, borderline impaired or unimpaired (using a brief information/orientation scale), with the validity of these ratings assessed in subsequent clinical(More)
Patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) have progressive deficits in cognition, parkinsonism, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors have been used to ameliorate cognitive decline and neuropsychiatric symptoms in short-term trials. In this study, patients with DLB were treated with rivastigmine up to 96 weeks. Improvement from(More)
The immunotoxin 192-saporin, infused intracerebroventricularly into rats, destroys cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain nuclei. Doses required for complete cholinergic loss also kill some Purkinje cells. The immunotoxin OX7-saporin, when infused intraventricularly into rats, destroys Purkinje cells in a pattern similar to that produced by 192-saporin,(More)