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Two models have been used to study the effects of ethanol on injuries of the central nervous system. The spinal cords of cats were injured by delivering a 200 gm-cm impact to the exposed dura mater. A second group of animals received a similar injury to the exposed dura mater overlying the cerebral hemispheres. The animals were divided into two groups,(More)
The hypothesis that pathologic free-radical reactions are initiated and catalyzed in the major central nervous system (CNS) disorders has been further supported by the current acute spinal cord injury work that has demonstrated the appearance of specific, cholesterol free-radical oxidation products. The significance of these products is suggested by the(More)
The effect of naloxone on blood flow and somatosensory evoked potentials was studied in cats subjected to 400 gm-cm contusion injuries of the thoracic spinal cord. Eight cats were treated with 10 mg/kg naloxone 45 to 60 minutes after injury, 11 cats were given 10 ml of saline instead of naloxone, and six cats were neither injured nor treated. Hydrogen(More)
Spinal cord injury consistently evokes a transient 3- to 4-minute rise is systemic pressure, followed by prolonged hypotension. Because the role of the sympathetic nervous system in these blood pressure changes is not clear, the pressure responses were studied using systematic ablation of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. In total, 24 cats were(More)
We studied the effect of the opiate antagonist naloxone on the recovery of cats injured with a 400-g-cm impact injury to T-9. The animals were evaluated by recording somatosensory evoked potentials and performing weekly neurological examinations. Several dose schedules were followed. Six of eight cats that received an intravenous or intraperitoneal bolus of(More)
The development of permanent paraplegia in spinal injured cats is accompanied by a large progressive decline in total ascorbic acid (AA) and a transient increase in oxidized (AAox) ascorbate. Since AA is involved in a variety of processes required for normal central nervous system (CNS) performance we suggested that such large ascorbate loss may contribute(More)