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As well as inducing a protective immune response against reinfection, acute measles is associated with a marked suppression of immune functions against superinfecting agents and recall antigens, and this association is the major cause of the current high morbidity and mortality rate associated with measles virus (MV) infections. Dendritic cells (DCs) are(More)
Immune suppression during measles accounts for most of the morbidity and mortality associated with the virus infection. Experimental study of this phenomenon has been hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model. We have used the cotton rat to demonstrate that mitogen-induced proliferation of spleen cells from measles virus-infected animals is impaired.(More)
A marked suppression of immune function has long been recognized as a major cause of the high morbidity and mortality rate associated with acute measles. As a hallmark of measles virus (MV)-induced immunosuppression, peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) isolated from patients exhibit a significantly reduced capacity to proliferate in response to mitogens,(More)
Mx proteins form a small family of interferon (IFN)-induced GTPases with potent antiviral activity against various negative-strand RNA viruses. To examine the antiviral spectrum of human MxA in homologous cells, we stably transfected HEp-2 cells with a plasmid directing the expression of MxA cDNA. HEp-2 cells are permissive for many viruses and are unable(More)
Acute measles is associated with pronounced immunosuppression characterized both by leukopenia and impaired lymphocyte functions. In an earlier study, we found that mitogen-dependent proliferation of uninfected human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and spontaneous proliferation of human cell lines of lymphocytic or monocytic origin was impaired after(More)
Strain-specific differences in the interaction of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) with the coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) and the decay-accelerating factor (DAF) co-receptor proteins were investigated using a non-haemagglutinating (CVB3) and a haemagglutinating (CVB3-HA) strain of CVB3. A panel of receptor-transfected hamster CHO cells, expressing either(More)
Recently, two cell surface molecules, CD46 and moesin, have been found to be functionally associated with measles virus (MV) infectivity of cells. We investigated the receptor usage of MV wild-type, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, and vaccine strains and their effect on the down-regulation of CD46 after infection. We found that the infection of human(More)
CD46, the major component of the measles virus (MV) receptor complex and a member of the regulators of complement activity (RCA) gene cluster, is down-regulated in MV-infected cells. We investigated whether the reduction of surface CD46 correlates with enhanced sensitivity of lymphoid and monocytic cells to lysis by activated complement. On human U937(More)
In humans and experimental murine models enteroviruses, and in particular coxsackieviruses of group B (CVB), may induce chronic myocarditis associated with a persistent type of heart muscle infection. Persistent myocardial infection has been characterized by restricted viral replication and gene expression, which is capable of sustaining chronic(More)
Measles still causes high mortality in children younger than 1 year of age. Administration of high titre measles vaccines before 7 months of age led to increased overall mortality, raising questions as to the immunological effects of measles vaccine in young infants. We investigated the immune response to standard titre vaccines given to children in(More)