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A radioimmunoassay of melatonin using a new iodinated derivative has been developed. Simple chemical treatments have then been designed to convert serotonin, N-acetylserotonin, and 5-methoxytryptamine to melatonin. Thus these four molecules, belonging to the same metabolic pathway, were separately assayed in the same radioimmunological system at the same(More)
Antibodies to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were obtained from 4 rabbits after injections of 5-HT coupled to bovine serum albumin by means of paraformaldehyde (PF). Two methods were used to monitor the developement of antibodies (AB): the one based on the “in vitro” competitive binding properties of the antibodies with3(H)5-HT, the other, on their “in situ”(More)
The presence of serotonin (5-HT)-like immunoreactivity has been detected in ganglionar cell bodies of the nodose ganglia of the cat, using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical method, applied to sections of ganglia previously embedded in paraffin. The antibodies were raised in rabbits following injection of 5-HT conjugated to bovine serum(More)
The distribution of substance P in the vagal system of the cat was studied by immunohistochemistry. Substance P-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibres were observed in the nodose ganglion. Numerous substance P-immunoreactive terminals and fibres were localized in their bulbar projection area, i.e. throughout the caudo-rostral extent of the nucleus of the(More)
The discharge pattern of single neurons localized in raphe nuclei dorsalis and centralis superior was recorded in "encéphale isolé" cats, during sleep and wakefulness episodes occurring spontaneously or triggered by vago-aortic stimulation. In both nuclei, a similar and progressive decrease in frequency of discharges is generally observed during shifts(More)
The ultrastructure of substance P (SP)-immunoreactive elements in the cat dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve was examined using pre- and post-embedding immunocytochemical procedures. Substance P-like immunoreactivity was observed in axon terminals and axon fibres which were mostly unmyelinated. Quantitative data showed that at least 16% of axon(More)
This electron microscopic study, based on serial section analysis, describes the synaptic organization of the interstitial subnucleus of the nucleus of the solitary tract and identifies the terminals of the vagal primary afferents utilizing degeneration and HRP transport. The interstitial subnucleus contains sparsely scattered cell bodies, numerous(More)
A new serotonergic afferent vagal component has been demonstrated in the cat by radioautography. Twenty-four hours after a bilateral injection of tritiated serotonin (3H-5-HT) into the area of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST), heavily and lightly labelled cell bodies were observed in the nodose ganglia. After unilateral injections of 3H-5-HT into the(More)
We examined the post-synaptic actions of glutamate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and substance P on dorsal vagal neurons, using the patch-clamp technique on brainstem slices of young rats. The vagal neurons were identified electrically and histologically. All vagal neurons responded to glutamate and NDMA and about 30% to substance P, with dose-dependent(More)