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Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vu l n e r a b i l i t y is the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the consequences of, and adaptation responses to, climate change. The report: • Evaluates evidence that recent observed changes in climate have already affected a variety of physical and biological systems. • Makes a(More)
Global environmental change and sustainability science increasingly recognize the need to address the consequences of changes taking place in the structure and function of the biosphere. These changes raise questions such as: Who and what are vulnerable to the multiple environmental changes underway, and where? Research demonstrates that vulnerability is(More)
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Association(More)
It is well known that microbes, zooplankton, and fish are important sources of recycled nitrogen in coastal waters, yet marine mammals have largely been ignored or dismissed in this cycle. Using field measurements and population data, we find that marine mammals can enhance primary productivity in their feeding areas by concentrating nitrogen near the(More)
Variability in the small-scale temporal and spatial patterns in nitrogenous nutrient supply, coupled with an enhanced uptake capability for nitrogenous nutrients induced by nitrogen limitation, make it possible for phytoplankton to maintain nearly maximum rates of growth at media nutrient concentrations that cannot be quantified with existing analytical(More)
Mixing of granular solids is invariably accompanied by segregation, however, the fundamentals of the process are not well understood. We analyze density and size segregation in a chute flow of cohesionless spherical particles by means of computations and theory based on the transport equations for a mixture of nearly elastic particles. Computations for(More)
Recent studies in the central equatorial Pacific allow a comprehensive assessment of phytoplankton regulation in a high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) ecosystem. Elemental iron enters the euphotic zone principally via upwelling and is present at concentrations (530 PM) well below the estimated half-saturation constant (120 PM) for the large cells that(More)