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OBJECTIVE To identify POLG mutations in patients with sensory ataxia and CNS features. METHODS The authors characterized clinical, laboratory, and molecular genetic features in eight patients from five European families. The authors conducted sequencing of coding exons of POLG, C10orf2 (Twinkle), and ANT1 and analyzed muscle mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA),(More)
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type I (HMSN I) or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT 1) is an autosomal dominant disorder of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of distal limb muscles. In the majority of HMSN I families, linkage studies localized the gene (CMT 1a) to the pericentromeric region of(More)
Autosomal recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a mitochondrial disease characterized by accumulation of multiple large-scale deletions of mitochondrial DNA. We previously reported missense mutations in POLG, the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma in two nuclear families compatible with autosomal recessive progressive external(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the early growth response 2 (EGR2) gene have recently been found in patients with congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 (CMT1) disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of EGR2 mutations in patients with a diagnosis of CMT1, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS), or unspecified peripheral neuropathies.(More)
We observed a missense mutation in the peripheral myelin protein zero gene (MPZ, Thr124Met) in seven Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) families and in two isolated CMT patients of Belgian ancestry. Allele-sharing analysis of markers flanking the MPZ gene indicated that all patients with the Thr124Met mutation have one common ancestor. The mutation is associated(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive degenerative dementia characterized by the abundant presence of neurofibrillary tangles in neurons. This study was designed to test whether the microtubule-associated protein tau, a major component of neurofibrillary tangles, could be detected in CSF. Additionally, we investigated whether CSF tau levels were abnormal in(More)
Soon after the description of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) in 1886, it became apparent that this syndrome is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. Neuropathological and electrophysiological studies have further dissected this syndrome into distinct categories that are now classified in a complex nosology of the inherited peripheral neuropathies.(More)
A subtype of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is well recognized which has a clinical course consistent with juvenile NCL (JNCL) but the ultrastructural characteristics of infantile NCL (INCL): granular osmiophilic deposits (GROD). Evidence supporting linkage of this phenotype, designated vJNCL/GROD, to the INCL region of chromosome 1p32 was(More)
We describe 3 new families affected by Alzheimer's disease with spastic paraparesis. In affected individuals, including the earliest known patient with this clinical syndrome, neuropathological examination revealed large "cotton wool" plaques similar to those we have previously described in a Finnish family. In the families in which DNA was available,(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is an autosomal-dominant, late-onset, slowly progressive disorder, primarily characterized by gradual loss of motor coordination, resulting from dysfunction and degeneration of the cerebellum and its connecting pathways. The disease is caused by expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat within the SCA7 gene, which encodes(More)