J. J. Lanore

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Mortality of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains high and could be increased by pulmonary barotrauma induced by positive-pressure mechanical ventilation. Extracorporeal CO2 removal combined with low-frequency positive-pressure ventilation (ECCO2R-LFPPV) has been proposed to reduce lung injury while supporting respiratory failure. Use of(More)
Circuits on mechanical ventilators with cascade humidifiers are routinely changed every day or every other day, although humidifying cascades have been considered unlikely to increase the risk of respiratory infection because they do not generate aerosols. Moreover, changing ventilator tubings every 24 rather than every 48 h increases the risk of(More)
Using a rapid computerized thermodilution method, we examined the evolution of right ventricular performance in 23 patients with septic shock. Nine survived the episode of septic shock. The other 14 patients died of refractory circulatory shock. Significant right ventricular systolic dysfunction, defined as decreased ejection fraction (-39%) and right(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prognosis of patients with hematologic malignancies in acute renal failure who require hemodialysis. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING ICU. PATIENTS Forty-three consecutive patients. METHODS Prognostic analysis using both univariate and multivariate (stepwise regression) methods. RESULTS Fifteen (35%) patients recovered(More)
The course of 260 adults with haematological malignancies admitted to a medical intensive care unit was studied to evaluate the value of life support techniques and to research predictive factors. The overall in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) and hospital mortality rates were respectively 43% (113 patients) and 57% (148 patients). Among survivors,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate psychological status in consecutive survivors of ICU who needed mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Twenty-four bed intensive care unit. PATIENTS Fifty-four mechanically ventilated patients were considered for the study; 43 patients were included, but 11 refused or were unable to fill in the form. (More)
The study objective was to identify prognostic factors associated with survival in patients treated for acute leukemias who developed invasive aspergillosis (IA) during induction therapy. This retrospective analysis involved 21 patients treated in two hematologic centers over a six-year period. All were treated in protective isolated rooms with high-dose(More)
BACKGROUND Primary therapies in acute myocardial infarction (thrombolysis and angioplasty) have inherent limitations which may be overcome by combining them. So far, no trial has demonstrated a clinical benefit in combining mechanical and pharmacological treatment strategies. METHODS From January 1995 to December 1999, out of 1010 patients admitted to our(More)
The management of patients with unilateral pneumonia and severe hypoxemia often represents a therapeutic challenge. Mechanical ventilation with the diseased lung uppermost may improve gas exchange, but it is not devoid of adverse effects. No hemodynamic measurements have been reported in patients ventilated in this manner; therefore, whether or not the(More)
The study objective was to describe the clinical, biologic, and hemodynamic features of adult overwhelming meningococcal purpura and to examine the prognostic factors by multivariate analysis at the time of admission to the intensive care unit. Thirty-five patients (greater than or equal to 13 years of age) with meningococcal infection, circulatory shock,(More)