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A novel vegetative insecticidal gene, vip3A(a), whose gene product shows activity against lepidopteran insect larvae including black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon), fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua), tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens), and corn earworm (Helicoverpa zea) has been isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis(More)
The Vip3A protein is a member of a newly discovered class of vegetative insecticidal proteins with activity against a broad spectrum of lepidopteran insects. Histopathological observations indicate that Vip3A ingestion by susceptible insects such as the black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon) and fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) causes gut paralysis at(More)
Tobacco plants that are somatic mosaics for expression of a cytokinin-synthesizing gene have viviparous leaves. Such a formation of shoots in an abnormal position represents a significant deviation from the usual organization of the plant body where a central axis produces shoots only in the axils of lateral leaf appendages and according to a precise(More)
Insect pests are a major cause of damage to the world's commercially important agricultural crops. Current strategies aimed at reducing crop losses rely primarily on chemical pesticides. Alternatively transgenic crops with intrinsic pest resistance offer a promising alternative and continue to be developed. The first generation of insect-resistant(More)
A CryV-type protein (CGCryV) has been isolated from supernatant fluids of Bacillus thuringiensis AB88 cultures. Previous reports have suggested the cryptic nature of the cryV-type genes on the basis of the absence of CryV-type proteins in parasporal crystals. The CryV-type protein reported here is expressed early in stationary phase, and evidence indicates(More)
A calcium-dependent calmodulin-independent protein kinase (CDPK) has been cloned from maize (Zea mays). The sequence predicts a 550-amino acid (predicted molecular mass is 60 kDa) protein with two major functional domains: an N-terminal catalytic domain highly homologous to protein kinases and a C-terminal domain resembling calmodulins. Northern analysis(More)
The rolC gene of Agrobacterium rhizogenes, which drastically affects growth and development of transgenic plants, codes for a cytokinin-beta-glucosidase. Indeed, rolC protein expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein hydrolyses cytokinin glucosides, thus liberating free cytokinins. Furthermore, beta-glucosidase activity present in E. coli extracts(More)
The rolB gene of Agrobacterium rhizogenes, whose expression stimulates the formation of roots by transformed plant tissues and other growth alterations in transgenic plants, codes for a beta-glucosidase able to hydrolyse indole-beta-glucosides. Indeed, we show that extracts of bacteria and/or plant tissue expressing the rolB protein hydrolyse(More)
Tobacco plants that are somatic mosaics for the expression of a cytokinin-synthesizing gene have viviparous leaves. Epiphyllous buds can be either vegetative or floral. Floral adventitious buds can be either normal or abnormal. Abnormalities of floral development correlate with: (i) a local activation of the cytokinin-synthesizing gene, (ii) a drastic(More)
We report the cloning and DNA sequence of a cDNA from Nicotiana tabacum, NTGLO, as well as the pattern of expression of the NTGLO gene in wild-type tobacco plants. The NTGLO cDNA encodes a protein of 209 amino acids, which shows 73% identity with the GLO protein encoded by the GLO gene of Antirrhinum majus, a homeotic gene involved in the genetic control of(More)