J. J. Dannenberg

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We describe a simple method to automate the geometric optimization of molecular orbital calculations of supermolecules on potential surfaces that are corrected for basis set superposition error using the counterpoise ~CP! method. This method is applied to the H-bonding complexes HF/HCN, HF/H2O, and HCCH/H2O using the 6-31G~d,p! and D9511~d,p! basis sets at(More)
A phylogenetic and metagenomic study of elephant feces samples (derived from a three-weeks-old and a six-years-old Asian elephant) was conducted in order to describe the microbiota inhabiting this large land-living animal. The microbial diversity was examined via 16S rRNA gene analysis. We generated more than 44,000 GS-FLX+454 reads for each animal. For the(More)
Zirconium-89 is an effective radionuclide for antibody-based positron emission tomography (PET) imaging because its physical half-life (78.41 h) matches the biological half-life of IgG antibodies. Desferrioxamine (DFO) is currently the preferred chelator for (89)Zr(4+); however, accumulation of (89)Zr in the bones of mice suggests that (89)Zr(4+) is(More)
We compare the structures and energies of beta-strands, alpha-helices, and 3(10)-helices for capped polyalanines, acetyl(ala)(N)()NH(2), for values of N from 2 to 18, using completely optimized mixed DFT/AM1 calculations. Non-pairwise additive cooperativity is manifest from the variation of the relative energies, helical strain, dipole moments, and H-bond(More)
The side-chains of the residues of glutamine (Q) and asparagine (N) contain amide groups. These can H-bond to each other in patterns similar to those of the backbone amides in α-helices. We show that mutating multiple Q's for alanines (A's) in a polyalanine helix stabilizes the helical structure, while similar mutations with multiple N's do not. We suggest(More)
We report completely optimized ONIOM DFT/AM1 molecular orbital calculations on several collagen-like triple helices based upon the repeating triad, ProProGly. The requirement of Gly as every third amino acid in collagen can be attributed to its enantiomorphic nature, as it behaves as a Damino acid in collagen. We, therefore, explored related collagen-like(More)
Five pentapeptides, GGGGG, GAGGG, GVGGG, GLGGG, and GIGGG, have been completely optimized in the 3(10)-helical and open beta-strand conformations at the B3LYP/D95 level. The energies of the helices relative to the beta-strands vary from -2.1 to -3.6 kcal and depend on the amino acid residue sequence. The energies of substituting A, V, L, or I for G in the(More)
We evaluate the performance of ten functionals (B3LYP, M05, M05-2X, M06, M06-2X, B2PLYP, B2PLYPD, X3LYP, B97D, and MPWB1K) in combination with 16 basis sets ranging in complexity from 6-31G(d) to aug-cc-pV5Z for the calculation of the H-bonded water dimer with the goal of defining which combinations of functionals and basis sets provide a combination of(More)
Five peptides, each containing 17 amino acids, have been completely geometrically optimized in their alpha-helical and beta-strand forms using a mixed DFT/AM1 procedure. B3LYP/D95** was used for the entire helical structures, while AM1 was initially used to optimize the side chains, followed by reoptimization at the DFT level. The energetic and structural(More)
We report DFT calculations indicating that beta-sheet formation involving the capped amino acid sequence VQIVYK is due (at least in part) to cooperative H-bonding between the glutamine side chains. The sequence VQIVYK has been reported to be essential for the aggregation of the tau protein into the amyloids associated with Alzheimer's disease and has been(More)