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We have reviewed the early complications of 121 surgically treated closed ankle fractures; the complication rate was 30%, with 14 major and 22 minor complications. Fractures with skin blisters or abrasions had more than double the overall complication rate. Fracture-dislocations had three times as many major complications as simple fractures, and those not(More)
In this study we report the results of a retrospective examination of 401 patients who had 459 plates removed from the forearm after successful union. Data were assembled from seven studies that have appeared in the literature. The authors of these seven studies were contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire concerning refracture and the(More)
A retrospective review of 80 consecutive patients treated at a county hospital for ankle fracture/dislocations (initial displacement > 10 mm) was undertaken. Seventy-seven patients fulfilled the requirements for documentation and follow-up. Eighteen patients were transferred from another facility and 59 patients were seen at our institution primarily. The(More)
Plate fixation is considered by many clinicians to be the treatment of choice for displaced diaphyseal fractures of the forearm. One possible complication associated with plate fixation is refracture with the plate in situ or after plate removal. With the plate in situ, refracture typically occurs through the last screw hole near the end of the plate. Some(More)
The use of a "prone push" posteroanterior radiograph of the spine was reviewed in 58 patients with scoliosis (82 curves) who underwent Harrington instrumentation and spinal fusion. The technique is previously undescribed and is accomplished by applying manual pressure to the apices of each curve with the patient prone on the X-ray table. The average(More)
A model of an unstable femoral neck fracture was used in this study to compare the axial and torsional displacement obtained when the neck was fixed by a compression hip screw (CHS) and side plate, or three Knowles pins. Six paired, embalmed femora were mounted on a special, custom-made jig that grasped the femoral head and shaft securely. A standardized(More)
Using a three-dimensional finite element model of a plated long bone, we studied the influence of screw tightness, sliding frictional interfaces, and loading magnitude on the stresses within the plated bone. The model incorporated frictional interface elements that allowed stress-free separation under tensile loading to occur between the plate and bone and(More)
Nonunion is a fairly common complication of fracture management, with an overall rate of about 3% for the skeleton as a whole and 9% for the tibia. High-energy injury fractures have a nonunion rate as high as 75%. Other factors that may lead to nonunion are inappropriate treatment, infection, and preexisting disease. The diagnosis of nonunion is based(More)
In 1980 the legislature of the state of California mandated that school screening programs for scoliosis be implemented. This law resulted in variations in methods and efficacy of the programs. One such program using clinical examination and moiré photography was administered to adolescent girls in two secondary schools in Santa Clara County. The findings(More)