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The potent anabolic effects of the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist clenbuterol on skeletal muscle have been reported to be independent of actions on beta-adrenoceptors. In the present study clenbuterol, presented to rats in the diet (4 mg/kg), caused significant increases in gastrocnemius muscle mass, protein, and RNA content and a decrease in epididymal fat(More)
The effects of three doses (1, 4 and 10 mg/kg body weight) of an anabolic steroid, nandrolone phenylpropionate (NPP), on body weight and composition, and muscle protein metabolism were investigated in female rats. Daily injections of 1 mg/kg of NPP for 10 days caused a significant increase in weight gain which was associated with an increase in body protein(More)
A single injection of endotoxin (1 mg/kg, sc) in rats caused significant fever, body weight loss and reduction in gastrocnemius muscle mass, none of which was mimicked by pair-feeding. Infusion of endotoxin via osmotic minipump over five days caused transient fever and suppression of growth. Recovery of body weight was significantly enhanced by the(More)
Unilateral femur fracture in rats resulted in a significant reduction in body weight gain and food intake. The former was reversed by addition of the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist clenbuterol to the diet (4 mg/kg) but food intake was unaffected. Neither resting oxygen consumption (VO2) nor brown adipose tissue GDP binding (measured on day 4) was affected(More)
1. Capillary density is greater in skeletal muscles comprised of predominantly oxidative (type I) fibres than in those comprised of mainly glycolytic (type II) fibres. In order to investigate further the angiogenic mechanisms involved in muscle capillarization, endothelial-cell-stimulating angiogenic factor activities in various rodent skeletal muscles were(More)
Endotoxin is known to affect sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. However, it is unknown whether selective activation occurs in different tissues. The present work assessed SNS activity in several tissues of endotoxin-treated rats by measuring the accumulation of dopamine following dopamine beta-hydroxylase inhibition with disulfiram. Twenty-four(More)
The effects of a beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist, clenbuterol, on body weight and protein metabolism of gastrocnemius muscle, heart, and liver were studied in rats subjected to 50% food restriction or fasting. Food restriction by 50% for 7 days caused a complete cessation of growth and reductions in the mass, protein, and RNA content of muscle, heart, and(More)
To examine the functional effects of cholinergic modulation compounds in oyster hearts and to explore their possible use in monitoring intoxication with acetylcholine-esterase (AChE) inhibitors such as organophosphates, tests were performed with in situ oyster heart preparations. The endogenous cholinergic agonist acetylcholine (ACh), AChE-resistant(More)
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