J J Carvajal

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Stable and self-starting mode-locking of a Tm:KLu(WO(4))(2) crystal laser is demonstrated using a transmission-type single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) based saturable absorber (SA). These experiments in the 2 microm regime utilize the E11 transition of the SWCNTs for nonlinear saturable absorption. The recovery time of the SWCNT-SA is measured by(More)
High-quality monoclinic planar waveguide crystals of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 codoped with Gd3+ and Lu3+ were grown by liquid-phase epitaxy. For the first time, planar waveguide lasing was demonstrated in a monolithic cavity in the 2 µm spectral range. The laser was operated in the Q-switched mode using a Cr2+:ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber and in the(More)
Porous GaN based LEDs produced by corrosion etching techniques demonstrated enhanced light extraction efficiency in the past. However, these fabrication techniques require further postgrown processing steps, which increases the price of the final system. Also, the penetration depth of these etching techniques is limited, and affects not only the(More)
We present a technique for the direct deposition of nanoporous GaN particles on Si substrates without requiring any post-growth treatment. The internal morphology of the nanoporous GaN particles deposited on Si substrates by using a simple chemical vapor deposition approach was investigated, and straight nanopores with diameters ranging between 50 and 100(More)
Porous GaN crystals have been successfully grown and electrically contacted simultaneously on Pt- and Au-coated silicon substrates as porous crystals and as porous layers. By the direct reaction of metallic Ga and NH(3) gas through chemical vapor deposition, intermetallic metal-Ga alloys form at the GaN-metal interface, allowing vapor-solid-solid seeding(More)
Scanning near-field optical microscopy is capable of measuring the topography and optical signals at the same time. This fact makes this technique a valuable tool in the study of materials at nanometric scale and, in particular, of ferroelectric materials, as it permits the study of their domains structure without the need of chemical etching and,(More)
We demonstrate continuous wave (CW) room temperature laser operation of the monoclinic Ho(3+)-doped KLu(WO(4))(2) crystal using a diode-pumped Tm(3+):KLu(WO(4))(2) laser for in-band pumping. The slope efficiency achieved amounts to ~55% with respect to the absorbed power and the maximum output power of 648 mW is generated at 2078 nm.
In this paper we study the optical properties of nanoporous gallium nitride (GaN) epitaxial layers grown by chemical vapour deposition on non-porous GaN substrates, using photoluminescence, cathodoluminescence, and resonant Raman scattering, and correlate them with the structural characteristic of these films. We pay special attention to the analysis of the(More)
Non-contact thermometry is essential in biomedical studies requiring thermal sensing and imaging with high thermal and spatial resolutions. In this work, we report the potential use of Er:Yb:NaYF4 and Er:Yb:NaY2F5O up-conversion nanoparticles as thermal sensors by means of lifetime based luminescent thermometry. We demonstrate how Er:Yb:NaY2F5O nanocrystals(More)
Efficient Type II phase-matching second-harmonic generation of a 1125 nm fundamental beam has been obtained using Ba:Yb:Nb:RbTiOPO(4)/RbTiOPO(4) waveguides grown by liquid phase epitaxy. The refractive indices of the epitaxial layer have been measured at different wavelengths, and the Sellmeier coefficients of the chromatic dispersion curves have been(More)