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Antibodies to neuropeptide receptors can be used to localize and characterize the receptors in tissues and cell lines. Two strategies were used to study the rat substance P receptor (SPR, NK-1) by immunological methods. First, a polyclonal antiserum was raised by immunizing rabbits with a peptide corresponding to the 15 amino acid residues (KTMTESSSFYSNMLA,(More)
BACKGROUND Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a chronic ulcerating skin condition that often occurs in association with inflammatory bowel disease. There have been a number of reports of PG responding to infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumour necrosis factor alpha. AIM In the first randomised placebo controlled trial of any drug for the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Photoaged skin is characterized by coarse and fine wrinkles. The mechanism of wrinkle formation appears to involve changes to components of the dermal extracellular matrix. Topical treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) can repair photoaged dermal matrix; this is regarded as the 'gold standard' against which repair agents are judged. To(More)
This study compared the short-term clinical effect of 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate and placebo mouthrinses in 30 adolescents (ages 11 to 15) undergoing orthodontic treatment. Subjects were randomized into experimental (CHX) and control (C) groups. Baseline values were recorded 10 days after prophylaxis and included Plaque index (PI), Gingival index (GI),(More)
Methods For the patch test, commercially available test product and its vehicle were applied occluded for 12-days to photoaged forearm skin (n = 10) prior to biopsy and immunohistochemical assessment of fibrillin-1; all-trans retinoic acid (RA) was used as a positive control. Sixty photoaged subjects were recruited to the RCT (test product, n = 30 vs.(More)
Mycoplasma pulmonis infection in rats causes a chronic inflammatory airway disease. Along with extensive remodeling of the airway mucosa, lymphocytic infiltrates, angiogenesis, and mucosal thickening, there is an abnormal sensitivity of the blood vessels to mediators that evoke "neurogenic inflammation". As a result, substance P, a peptide released from(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that sensory nerves of the carotid body have an efferent function in addition to their afferent function of conducting chemoreceptive impulses to the brain. However, it has been difficult to document the release of substances from sensory nerve terminals on glomus cells and to determine whether such an efferent function(More)
Substance P released from sensory nerve fibers causes plasma leakage through an action on neurokinin-1 (NK1 or substance P) receptors. However, it is unknown whether the leakage results from a direct action of substance P on endothelial cells. We determined the distribution of NK1 receptors at sites of plasma leakage in the rat tracheal mucosa, using NK1(More)
Substance P (SP) can cause plasma leakage at sites of inflammation by binding to neurokinin type 1 (NK1) receptors on the surface of endothelial cells. Internalization after ligand binding could reduce the number of NK1 receptors on the cell surface and thus participate in the desensitization and resensitization of the inflammatory response to SP. By using(More)
BACKGROUND Very few over-the-counter cosmetic 'anti-ageing' products have been subjected to a rigorous double-blind, vehicle-controlled trial of efficacy. Previously we have shown that application of a cosmetic 'anti-ageing' product to photoaged skin under occlusion for 12 days can stimulate the deposition of fibrillin-1. This observation infers potential(More)