J-J Bourguignon

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Administration of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) to animals induces electroencephalographic and behavioral changes that resemble petit-mal seizures. Furthermore, these GHB-induced electroencephalogram-behavioral changes can be blocked by anticonvulsant drugs, which are specific in their action against petit-mal seizures. These effects of GHB on(More)
The present study was designed to assess the ability of the newly synthetized, selective gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) receptor antagonist, NCS-382, in blocking the discriminative stimulus effects of GHB in a T-maze, food-reinforced drug discrimination procedure. Two groups of rats were trained to run the left arm of the maze 30 min after the i.g.(More)
The existence of a specific synthesizing enzyme for gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in rat brain has recently been reported. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate the presence of a high affinity, apparently specific binding site for this compound in the same tissue. This binding does not require Na+ and takes place optimally at pH 5.5. The bound(More)
With the use of [3H]gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, binding experiments allowed the screening of new compounds as ligands of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid receptors. Starting from the acid-alcohol gamma-hydroxybutyric acid structure, structure-activity relation analysis and lead optimization highlighted gamma-hydroxybutyric acid derivatives with significantly(More)
The effects of a potent P2Y1 receptor antagonist, N6-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate (MRS2179) on adenosine-5'-diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in vitro, ex vivo and on the bleeding time in vivo were determined. In suspensions of washed platelets, MRS2179 inhibited ADP-induced platelet shape change, aggregation and Ca2+ rise but(More)
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) at low doses (5-10 mg/kg i.p.) increased and at high doses (160-320 mg/kg i.p.) decreased the spontaneous firing rate of prefrontal cortex (PFC) neurons recorded in urethane-anesthetized rats. Only excitations were blocked by NCS-382, a specific GHB receptor antagonist; this suggests that the excitatory effect of low doses of GHB(More)
The behavioral effects of specific cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE-I) such as rolipram and structurally related compounds were investigated in mice. Selected PDE-I induced a potent dose-dependent decrease in locomotion and in rearing of mice confronted with a free exploratory procedure, these effects being considered as a behavioral sedation.(More)
NCS-382 possesses antagonistic properties at gamma-hydroxybutyrate receptor sites. Its effect on the sedative/cataleptic behaviour observed in rats after gamma-hydroxybutyrate administration was investigated. NCS-382 diminished, in a dose-dependent manner, the sedative and/or cataleptic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, as revealed by a variety of(More)
The action of agonists or antagonists at the gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) receptor represents a possibility to modulate dopaminergic activities in brain. In the present study, GHB and six structural analogs were tested for their ability to displace [3H] GHB binding from striatal membranes. All the analogs tested exhibited higher affinity for GHB as compared(More)