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The present study was designed to assess the ability of the newly synthetized, selective gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) receptor antagonist, NCS-382, in blocking the discriminative stimulus effects of GHB in a T-maze, food-reinforced drug discrimination procedure. Two groups of rats were trained to run the left arm of the maze 30 min after the i.g.(More)
Administration of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) to animals induces electroencephalographic and behavioral changes that resemble petit-mal seizures. Furthermore, these GHB-induced electroencephalogram-behavioral changes can be blocked by anticonvulsant drugs, which are specific in their action against petit-mal seizures. These effects of GHB on(More)
The existence of a specific synthesizing enzyme for gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in rat brain has recently been reported. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate the presence of a high affinity, apparently specific binding site for this compound in the same tissue. This binding does not require Na+ and takes place optimally at pH 5.5. The bound(More)
The behavioral effects of specific cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE-I) such as rolipram and structurally related compounds were investigated in mice. Selected PDE-I induced a potent dose-dependent decrease in locomotion and in rearing of mice confronted with a free exploratory procedure, these effects being considered as a behavioral sedation.(More)
The action of agonists or antagonists at the gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) receptor represents a possibility to modulate dopaminergic activities in brain. In the present study, GHB and six structural analogs were tested for their ability to displace [3H] GHB binding from striatal membranes. All the analogs tested exhibited higher affinity for GHB as compared(More)
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a compared with numerous neuropharmacological properties. The discovery of its biosynthetic system, together with its endogenous repartition, have prompted its possible implication in neurotransmission. The role is also supported by the existence, reported here, of a high-affinity uptake system for GHB (Km = 46.4 microM) in(More)
NCS-382 possesses antagonistic properties at gamma-hydroxybutyrate receptor sites. Its effect on the sedative/cataleptic behaviour observed in rats after gamma-hydroxybutyrate administration was investigated. NCS-382 diminished, in a dose-dependent manner, the sedative and/or cataleptic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, as revealed by a variety of(More)
The effects of a potent P2Y1 receptor antagonist, N6-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate (MRS2179) on adenosine-5'-diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in vitro, ex vivo and on the bleeding time in vivo were determined. In suspensions of washed platelets, MRS2179 inhibited ADP-induced platelet shape change, aggregation and Ca2+ rise but(More)
Previous data have shown that HEPES, a taurine structural analog, inhibits the uptake of taurine by cultured cells differently, depending on its addition either to the culture medium or to the Krebs-Ringer buffer used for cell incubation during taurine uptake measurements (Lleu and Rebel, J Neurosci Res 23: 78-86, 1989). An extensive study of the effect of(More)