J. J. Billadello

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Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD; acyl-CoA: (acceptor) 2,3-oxidoreductase, EC is one of three similar enzymes that catalyze the initial step of fatty acid beta-oxidation. Definition of the primary structure of MCAD and the tissue distribution of its mRNA is of biochemical and clinical importance because of the recent recognition of(More)
The quantitative analysis of the mobile high-energy phosphorus metabolites in isovolumic Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts has been performed by 31P NMR utilizing rapid pulse repetition to optimize sensitivity. Absolute quantification required reference to an external standard, determination of differential magnetization saturation and resonance peak area(More)
The increased expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) is associated with increased concentrations of fatty acids in blood and may accelerate atherogenesis in diabetes. The present study was designed to define mechanisms by which nonesterified (free) fatty acids (FFAs) augment the expression of PAI-1. FFAs increased PAI-1 protein and(More)
We characterized the developmental expression of the brain creatine kinase (BCK) gene in the C2C12 myogenic cell line with the use of isoenzyme, Western blot, and Northern blot analyses. The results show that both BCK subunit protein and mRNA are upregulated early in myogenesis, and then downregulated in fully differentiated myotubes. To characterize the(More)
Regulation of plasminogen activation by plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) is a critical feature of many biological processes. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) induces PAI-1 mRNA and protein in several types of cultured cells, including Hep G2 cells. The present study was performed to define mechanisms by which PAI-1 gene expression is(More)
To define mechanisms regulating expression of M creatine kinase, the human gene including 5'-flanking DNA was cloned, characterized, and partially sequenced. The gene contains 8 exons interrupted by 7 introns spanning 17.5 kilobase pairs of DNA. The intron-exon splice sites were identified and conform to the GT-AG consensus rule. The TATA and CAAT boxes are(More)
To characterize the tissue-specific distribution and developmentally regulated expression of M and B creatine kinase mRNA in rats, total cellular RNA was isolated from adult rat tissues and from skeletal muscle, heart, brain and intestine at selected stages of development. Northern blots were prepared and hybridized with M and B subunit-specific probes(More)
In humans and non-human primates, alternative cleavage and polyadenylation of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) pre-mRNA transcripts results in two forms of mature mRNA, an unstable 3.2-kilobase (kb) form, and a relatively more stable 2.2-kb form. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) increase steady state levels of PAI-1 mRNA in Hep(More)
Gastrocnemius muscle from treadmill trained rats was analyzed for creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme activities by agarose electrophoresis and M and B CK mRNA levels by Northern blot analysis. Total CK activity in exercise-trained (143 (SD 15) U/g) and control (154 (SD 16) U/g) muscles did not differ. CK-MB increased 220% in exercised-trained muscle compared to(More)
To identify factors potentially influencing expression of type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), we characterized the human tissue-specific distribution of PAI-1 mRNA and the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on expression of steady state levels of PAI-1 mRNA and secretion of PAI-1 by Hep G2 cells. Two species of PAI-1 mRNA (3.2 and 2.2(More)