J. J. Bernal

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Two hundred seventeen field isolates of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV), sampled from 11 natural populations, were typed by RNase protection assay (RPA) using probes from the genomic RNAs of strains in subgroup I and in subgroup II of CMV strains. Most (85%) of the analyzed isolates belonged to subgroup I. For these subgroup I isolates, only two clearly(More)
 We have studied the biological and molecular characteristics of a MNSV isolate collected in Spain (MNSV-Mα5) and generated a full-length cDNA clone from which infectious RNA transcripts can be produced. The host range of MNSV-Mα5 appeared to be limited to cucurbits and did not differ from that of MNSV-Dutch [4, 21]. However, differences were observed in(More)
The relative occurrence in Spain of two whitefly transmitted closteroviruses causing similar yellowing diseases in melon and cucumber greenhouse crops was studied. Based on a RT-PCR assay, a 1994–1997 survey of Spanish greenhouses showed that the recently described Bemisia tabaci-transmitted cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) has displaced the(More)
RNA 1 of the V strain of tomato aspermy virus (TAV) consists of 3410 nucleotides and contains one open reading frame (ORF) of 2982 nucleotides, resembling RNA 1 of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) strains Q and Fny (68% and 66% identical, respectively) and of brome mosaic virus (BMV) (41% identical). In comparisons between amino acid sequences, three conserved(More)
ABSTRACT Chayote mosaic virus (ChMV) is a putative tymovirus isolated from chayote crops in Costa Rica. ChMV was characterized at the host range, serological, and molecular levels. ChMV was transmitted mechanically and induced disease symptoms mainly in Cucurbitaceae hosts. Asymptomatic infections were detected in other host families. Serologically, ChMV is(More)
Two strains of tomato aspermy cucumovirus, 1-TAV and V-TAV, differ in the severity of the symptoms induced in Nicotiana tabacum: 1-TAV induces a severe chlorotic mottle that appears 5 days post inoculation (d.p.i.) in the second systemic leaf, while V-TAV-infected plants show a mild chlorotic mottle, unevenly distributed in the leaf lamina, that appears 7(More)
Cervical cancer is caused by persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and represents the second most frequent gynecological malignancy in the world. The HPV-16 type accounts for up to 55% of all cervical cancers. The HPV-16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 are necessary for induction and maintenance of malignant transformation and represent(More)
Tobacco plants were transformed with genes encoding the tobacco vein mottling potyvirus (TVMV) P1 or P3 protein. When compared with vector-transformed or P1 transgenic lines, seedlings of P3 transgenic lines (except a low expressor line) developed poorly, suggesting a detrimental effect of P3 on the plant. All P1 and P3 transgenic lines were protected(More)
Scintigraphy technique is considered the gold standard for gastric emptying evaluations. Lately mechanical magnetogastrography (MMG) technique has emerged as an alternative for these assessments. This study presents the determination of reference values for MMG in order to validate this novel technique in gastric emptying measurements. Both methodologies(More)
The solution conformation of two variants of cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNA (CMV satRNA) was analyzed using several enzymatic and chemical probes. Ribonuclease T1 and nuclease S1 were used to map unpaired nucleotides, and nuclease V1 was used to detect double-stranded, or stacked, bases. Chemical probing with dimethylsulphate and diethylpyrocarbonate(More)