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PURPOSE The aim of this study is the evaluation of permanent I-125 prostate implants using radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-one patients underwent radiography on the simulator and MRI within 3 days after implantation of the I-125 seeds. Isocentric radiographs were used for reconstruction of the seed(More)
Tumor recurrence and outgrowth of metastases limit the therapeutical effect of radiotherapy. We have tested whether these problems can be overcome by supplementing radiotherapy with locoregional interleukin-2 (IL-2) treatment. The SL2 lymphoma and the M8013 mammary carcinoma were used. Mice bearing a 10-day-old s.c. tumor were locally irradiated and were(More)
In this paper an attempt is made to formulate criteria for the accuracy in the delivery of absorbed dose to a patient during photon or neutron therapy. These requirements are mainly based on the relative steepness of dose-effect curves for local tumour control and normal tissue damage. A review of these dose-effect curves after photon irradiation shows a(More)
In this study, we demonstrate the proof of principle of the University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU) robot dedicated to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided interventions in patients. The UMCU robot consists of polymers and non-ferromagnetic materials. For transperineal prostate interventions, it can be placed between the patient's legs inside a closed(More)
The aim of this work was to improve radiotherapy results by immune stimulation. We tested the effects of a combination of radio- and immunotherapy, i.e., local low dose recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) treatment, in two murine tumor models. Syngeneic tumors (SL2 lymphoma or M8013 mammary carcinoma) were induced subcutaneously on one or both flanks of mice.(More)
PURPOSE To compare quality of life (QoL) after 70 Gy conformal radiotherapy with QoL after 76 Gy intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with locally advanced prostate carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS Seventy-eight patients with locally advanced prostate cancer were treated with 70 Gy three-field conformal radiotherapy, and 92 patients(More)
Seventy-one histologically malignant brain tumors, 52 histologically benign brain tumors, and 14 cerebral metastases were characterized according to DNA content and proliferative capacity. DNA ploidy, DNA index (DI), S-phase fraction (SPF), 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdUrd) labelling index (LI), duration of S-phase (Ts), and potential doubling time (Tpot)(More)
PURPOSE To assess the risk of second primary cancer (SPC) after [(125)I]iodine prostate cancer brachytherapy compared with prostatectomy and the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a cohort consisting of 1,888 patients with prostate cancer who received monotherapy with brachytherapy (n = 1,187; 63%) or prostatectomy (n = 701; 37%), SPC incidences(More)