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T he present article is the fourth in a series of 6 documents focused on providing current guidelines for the standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram (ECG). The project was initiated by the Council on Clinical Cardiology of the American Heart Association. The rationale for this project and the process for its implementation were(More)
BACKGROUND Given the high incidence of sudden death in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and the efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, an appropriate tool for the prediction of sudden death is desirable. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has prognostic significance in CHF, and the stimuli for its production cause electrophysiological(More)
—This statement examines the relation of the resting ECG to its technology. Its purpose is to foster understanding of how the modern ECG is derived and displayed and to establish standards that will improve the accuracy and usefulness of the ECG in practice. Derivation of representative waveforms and measurements based on global intervals are described.(More)
Baseline wander makes interpretation ECG recordings difficult, especially the assessment of ST deviation. Eliminating baseline wander without distorting the ST segment is a problem. The traditional high pass filter with a 0.5 Hz low frequency cutoff effectively suppresses baseline but introduces considerable distortion in the level of the ST segment. This(More)
BACKGROUND CD146 is a well described homotypic adhesion molecule found on endothelial cells and a limited number of other cell types. In cells from the peripheral circulation, CD146 has also been reported to be on activated lymphocytes in vitro and in vivo. The function associated with CD146 expression on lymphoid cells is unknown and very little(More)
OBJECTIVES We surveyed the literature to estimate prediction values for five common tests for risk of major arrhythmic events (MAEs) after myocardial infarction. We then determined feasibility of a staged risk stratification using combinations of noninvasive tests, reserving an electrophysiologic study (EPS) as the final test. BACKGROUND Improved(More)
Histopathological and electrocardiographical (ECG) changes occur in the heart of C3H/HeN and C57BL/6 mice infected for 1 year with Trypanosoma cruzi clones Sylvio-X10/4 (X10/4), Miranda/78 (M/78), or Miranda/80 (M/80). Heart parasitism and a variable degree of inflammation occurred following infection with clones X10/4 or M/78 but not with M/80. Clone X10/4(More)
Left ventricular (LV) systolic timing and relative volume variations were simultaneously measured by electromagnetic flowmeter (EMF) and high frame rate ECG-gated blood pool scintigraphy in five baboons. No significant differences (p greater than 0.1, paired t test) were observed in the time (from R wave) to peak aortic flow (maximum LV ejection rate), time(More)