J. Iván Ortiz-Monasterio

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gap, its precise causes in many regions are not well known, owing in part to a lack of data on spatial variaImproved understanding of the factors that limit crop yields in tions in crop yields and yield-controlling factors (White farmers’ fields will play an important role in increasing regional food production while minimizing environmental impacts.(More)
Phosphorus deficiency is a major yield limiting constraint in wheat cultivation on acid soils. The plant factors that influence P uptake efficiency (PUPE) are mainly associated with root characteristics. This study was conducted to analyze the genotypic differences and relationships between PUPE, root length density (RLD), colonization by vesicular(More)
There are large agricultural areas in the world where wheat yields are limited by low phosphorus (P) availability. Breeding for P uptake and P utilization efficiency may reduce this problem. This study was conducted to determine the contribution of P uptake and utilization efficiency to grain yield of selected spring wheat genotypes in different(More)
The level of yield risk faced by a farmer is an important factor in the design of appropriate management and insurance strategies. The difference between field scale and regional scale yield risk, which can be significant, also represents an important measure of the factors that cause the yield gap – the difference between average and maximum yields. While(More)
The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) acts as a catalyst and leader in a global maize and wheat innovation network that serves the poor in the developing world. Drawing on strong science and effective partnerships, CIMMYT researchers create, share, and use knowledge and technology to increase food security, improve the productivity(More)
Improving nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in the major cereals is critical for more sustainable nitrogen use in high-input agriculture, but our understanding of the potential for NUE improvement is limited by a paucity of reliable on-farm measurements. Limited on-farm data suggest that agronomic NUE (AE(N)) is lower and more variable than data from trials(More)
Crop biofortification programs require fast, accurate and inexpensive methods of identifying nutrient dense genotypes. This study investigated energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (EDXRF) for the measurement of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and selenium (Se) concentrations in whole grain wheat. Grain samples were obtained from existing biofortification(More)
After nitrogen stress, phosphorus is the second most widely occurring nutrient deficiency in cereal systems around the world. The objectives of this study were: (1) to look at the effect of changes in phosphorus use efficiency and responsiveness on grain yield and quality of triticale and durum wheat with respect to an old tall durum wheat of the early(More)
The impact of the Rht dwarfing genes on P utilization efficiency (PUTE = grain dry matter per kg P in above-ground biomass), total P uptake (Pt) and related traits was studied in the varietal backgrounds of two tall wheat cultivars, Maringa and Nainari 60. Four sets of near-isogenic lines carrying different combinations of the alleles Rht-B1b, Rht-D1b and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Accurately representing development is essential for applying crop simulations to investigate the effects of climate, genotypes or crop management. Development in wheat (Triticum aestivum, T. durum) is primarily driven by temperature, but affected by vernalization and photoperiod, and is often simulated by reducing thermal-time(More)