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Krox20 is a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue. However, its role in fat cell differentiation has not been established. In cultured 3T3-L1 cells, Krox20 is rapidly induced by serum stimulation. Overexpression of Krox20 in both 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and multipotent NIH3T3 cells promotes adipogenesis in a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical trials have shifted attention away from estrogens and toward androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) as potential mediators of increasing cardiovascular (CV) risk in women at midlife. METHODS AND RESULTS The correlation between reproductive hormones and CV risk factors was evaluated in a multiethnic (white, black,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess differences in insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function between nondiabetic premenopausal or early perimenopausal non-Hispanic white women and African American, Chinese American, Japanese American, and non-Mexican-American Latino women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Homeostasis model assessments (HOMAs) of insulin sensitivity (HOMA%S)(More)
The cellular program responsible for the restoration of adipose tissue mass after weight loss is largely uncharacterized. Leptin mRNA levels are highly correlated with adipose tissue mass, and leptin expression can thus be used as a surrogate for changes in the amount of adipose tissue. To further study the responses of adipocytes to changes in weight, we(More)
OBJECTIVE During the menopausal transition, total testosterone (T) remains unchanged, whereas estrogen decreases markedly, creating a state of relative androgen excess. We hypothesized that change in the T-to-estradiol (T/E2) ratio during the menopausal transition would be associated with incident metabolic syndrome. METHODS The association between(More)
Serum thyroglobulin measurement has greatly facilitated the clinical management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and a variety of other thyroid disorders. Thyroglobulin autoantibodies remain a significant obstacle to the clinical use of thyroglobulin measurement. The interpretation of any given thyroglobulin value requires the careful(More)
We evaluated the association of hemostatic factors with insulin resistance in relation to reproductive hormones including FSH, estradiol, testosterone, and SHBG. SHBG was used to calculate the free estradiol index and free androgen index. We studied 3,200 women, aged 42-52 yr, in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation, a prospective multiethnic study(More)
The objective of this work was to determine the effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on rates of bone mineral density (BMD) loss in men with prostate cancer. It was a prospective study comparing men receiving ADT to age matched controls for 2 y. Subjects received a history, physical exam, bone mineral density measurement, and laboratory evaluation(More)