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The vertebrate lens is a tissue composed of terminally differentiated fiber cells and anterior lens epithelial cells. The abundant, preferential expression of the soluble proteins called crystallins creates a transparent, refractive index gradient in the lens. Several transcription factors such as Pax6, Sox1, and L-Maf have been shown to regulate lens(More)
IL-4 promotes the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells into IL-4-producing T helper 2 (Th2) cells. Previous work provided suggestive but not conclusive evidence that the transcription factor c-Maf directed the tissue-specific expression of IL-4. It was not known whether c-Maf controlled the transcription of other Th2 cytokine genes. To elucidate the role(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) has been shown to act as an inhibitor of apoptosis. We have also observed an inhibitory effect of HSP70 on apoptotic cell death both in preheated U937 and stably transfected HSP70-overexpressing U937 (U937/HSP70) cells. However, the molecular mechanism whereby HSP70 prevents apoptosis still remains to be solved. To address this(More)
SAMP-29 is a cathelecidin-derived antimicrobial peptide deduced from sheep myeloid mRNA. To elucidate the structural-activity relationship of SMAP-29, several analogues were synthesized and their antibiotic activity was investigated. Compared to parental SMAP-29, SMAP-29(1-17) and [K(22,25,27)]-SMAP-29 retained relatively effective antimicrobial activity(More)
OBJECTIVES It has previously been shown that glucose uptake and use is more prevalent in carcinomas than in normal cells and tissues. We hypothesized that human erythrocyte glucose transporter (Glut-1) expression is increased in bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and that the grade of expression might correlate with the degree of malignancy. (More)
Nocodazole, a microtubule-disrupting agent, induced apoptosis in Rat-1 cells, as indicated by changes in cell morphology, DNA fragmentation, and eventual cell death. During nocodazole-induced apoptosis, normally flat cells became rounded in shape and detached from the extracellular matrix. These morphological changes appeared to be closely associated with(More)
Allelic deletion or transcriptional silencing of RASSF1, a putative tumor suppressor at 3p21.3, has been found in a considerable proportion of lung, breast, and ovarian cancers. In this study, we analyzed the expression and mutation status of three RASSF1 isoforms (-A, -B, and -C) in 55 primary bladder carcinomas and 10 bladder and prostate cancer cell(More)
Peripheral nerve injury often results in neuropathic pain that is manifested as hyperalgesia, and allodynia. Several studies suggest a functional role for neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the development or maintenance of neuropathic pain, but such a contribution remains unclear. In our current study, we found that intraplantar injection of the NOS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 leads to differences in pharmacokinetics of CYP2D6 substrates. The CYP2D6*10 allele is clinically important in Koreans because of its high frequency in Asians. We investigated whether the pharmacokinetics of metoprolol was altered by the presence of the CYP2D6*10 allele in Korean subjects. METHODS(More)
A number of aspects of the pathogenesis of scrapie remain to be elucidated. The cellular and molecular aspects of the neuropathology in scrapie suggest the possibility that the proinflammatory cytokines could act as pathogenic mediators in this neurodegenerative disease. To understand this possibility, we examined the expression of proinflammatory cytokine(More)