J I A S Truswell Mann

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OBJECTIVE Difficulties in measuring insulin sensitivity prevent the identification of insulin-resistant individuals in the general population. Therefore, we compared fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), insulin-to-glucose ratio, Bennett index, and a score based on weighted combinations of fasting insulin, BMI, and fasting triglycerides with(More)
A diet low in saturated fatty acids and rich in wholegrains, vegetables and fruit is recommended in order to reduce the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However there is widespread interest in high-fat (“Atkins Diet”) and high-protein (“Zone Diet”) alternatives to the conventional high-carbohydrate, high-fibre approach.(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to investigate the nutritional intake and haematological status of adult vegetarians. DESIGN Cross-sectional comparison of vegetarians and age/sex-matched omnivores. SETTING Free-living community subjects. SUBJECTS Fifty vegetarians were recruited by local advertisement. Each vegetarian selected their own(More)
We combined data from 5 prospective studies to compare the death rates from common diseases of vegetarians with those of nonvegetarians with similar lifestyles. A summary of these results was reported previously; we report here more details of the findings. Data for 76172 men and women were available. Vegetarians were those who did not eat any meat or fish(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate dietary determinants of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in health conscious individuals to explain the reduced risk in vegetarians, and to examine the relation between IHD and body mass index (BMI) within the normal range. DESIGN Prospective observation of vegetarians, semi-vegetarians, and meat eaters for whom baseline dietary(More)
The Oxford Vegetarian Study is a prospective study of 6000 vegetarians and 5000 nonvegetarian control subjects recruited in the United Kingdom between 1980 and 1984. Cross-sectional analyses of study data showed that vegans had lower total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations than did meat eaters; vegetarians and fish eaters had intermediate and similar(More)
The Scientific Update involved consideration of a number of key issues that have arisen since the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Carbohydrates in Human Nutrition was held in 1997 (FAO, 1998) or where new data may have altered conclusions drawn some 10 years ago. The Scientific Update enabled some firm conclusions to be drawn and identified a number of(More)
To assess the effect of dietary reduction of plasma cholesterol concentrations on coronary atherosclerosis, we set up a randomised, controlled, end-point-blinded trial based on quantitative image analysis of coronary angiograms in patients with angina or past myocardial infarction. Another intervention group received diet and cholestyramine, to determine(More)
In a cohort of 10 998 men and women, 95 incident cases of colorectal cancer were recorded after 17 years. Risk increased in association with smoking, alcohol, and white bread consumption, and decreased with frequent consumption of fruit. The relative risk in vegetarians compared with nonvegetarians was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.55–1.32).
Objective: Practical use of the glycaemic index (GI), as recommended by the FAO/WHO, requires an evaluation of the recommended method. Our purpose was to determine the magnitude and sources of variation of the GI values obtained by experienced investigators in different international centres.Design: GI values of four centrally provided foods (instant(More)