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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant global health problem, affecting over 150 million people worldwide. While the critical role of the adaptive immune system in HCV infection is well-established, the importance of the innate immune system in HCV infection has only been recognized in more recent years. Toll-like receptors form the cornerstone(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in transplantation biology. The effect of immunosuppression on TLR function after liver transplantation is unknown. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 113 post-liver transplant patients and 13 healthy controls were stimulated with TLR-specific ligands [lipopolysaccharide (TLR4), pan-3-cys (P3C) (TLR2),(More)
Hepatitis B (HBV) infection is highly endemic in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where more than 8% of the population remain chronic HBV carriers. SSA has one of the highest HBV-related liver cancer rates in the world (CA Cancer J Clin, 55, 2005, 74) and HBV-related liver cancer is the most common cause of premature death in West Africa (Lancet Oncol, 9, 2008,(More)
Chronic hepatitis B is a serious infectious liver disease that often progresses to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma; however, clinical outcomes after viral exposure vary enormously among individuals. Through a two-stage genome-wide association study using 786 Japanese chronic hepatitis B cases and 2201 controls, we identified a significant(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Overall survival (OS) is a composite clinical endpoint in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to the mutual influence of cirrhosis and active malignancy in dictating patient's mortality. The ALBI grade is a recently described index of liver dysfunction in hepatocellular carcinoma, based solely on albumin and bilirubin levels. Whilst(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pathogen recognition receptors that orchestrate the innate immune response and the subsequent adaptive immune response. TLRs can be triggered by exogenous ligands expressed by invading pathogens or by the release of endogenous ligands, such as that occurring through cellular injury during the transplantation process. They are(More)
Recurrence of hepatitis C (HCV) postliver transplant is universal, with a subgroup developing rapid hepatic fibrosis. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are critical to innate antiviral responses and HCV alters TLR function to evade immune clearance. Whether TLRs play a role in rapid HCV recurrence posttransplant is unknown. We stimulated peripheral blood(More)
Nonanastomotic biliary strictures (NAS) cause significant morbidity post liver transplantation. Timing of stricture development varies considerably, but the relationship between timing of stricture onset and aetiology has not been fully elucidated. Database analysis was performed on all adult patients undergoing liver transplantation between 1st January(More)
While the representation of black students in medical schools rose dramatically from approximately 2 percent in 1965 to more than 7 percent in 1975, gains in the representation of blacks among health professionals have slowed, with blacks currently representing slightly more than 8 percent of first year medical students in the U.S. The underrepresentation(More)