J. Howard Baker

Learn More
Between 1944 and 1984 20 patients were admitted to a spinal injuries centre with a diagnosis of traumatic paraplegia. They subsequently walked out and the diagnosis was revised to hysterical paraplegia. A further 23 patients with incomplete traumatic injuries, who also walked from the centre, have been compared with them as controls. The features that(More)
The medial belly of the gastrocnemius and the extensor digitorum longus muscles of rats were tenotomized. One day following tenotomy, the mean sarcomere length of the fast medial gastrocnemius was 1.8 microns, a value comparable to that of tenotomized slow soleus. The mean sarcomere length of the tenotomized extensor digitorum longus, however, was 2.0(More)
This study determined the morphological changes and adaptations that occur following immobilization of rat soleus and gastrocnemius muscles when the ankle joint is placed in complete plantar flexion for 2, 5, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days by means of plaster casts. Previous studies of such shortened muscles have shown that the number of sarcomeres in series is(More)
Using the histochemical reaction for myosin adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), a study of the rat soleus muscle following tenotomy was undertaken. It was demonstrated that both type 2A and 2C fibers undergo degenerative changes following tenotomy. All previous studies have stated that only type 1 fibers were affected and developed central core lesions and(More)
Inflammation has been suggested as a potential pathway by which insomnia and short sleep can affect risk of morbidity in adults. However, few studies have examined the association of insomnia with inflammation in adolescents, despite accumulating evidence that pathophysiologic changes may already occur during this critical developmental period. The present(More)